Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-GL Geology

[S-GL38] Lower-Middle Pleistocene Boundary GSSP in the Kazusa Group

Mon. May 25, 2015 10:00 AM - 10:45 AM 102B (1F)

Convener:*Makoto Okada(Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, Ibaraki University), Yusuke Suganuma(National institute of Polar Research), Osamu Kazaoka(Research Institute of Environmental Geology, Chiba), Chair:Makoto Okada(Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, Ibaraki University)

10:30 AM - 10:45 AM

[SGL38-03] Ichnofossils and ichnofabrics of the Kokumoto Formation, Kazusa Group: Depositional environment and benthic paleoecology

*Kentaro IZUMI1, Naohisa NISHIDA2, Osamu KAZAOKA3, Yusuke SUGANUMA4, Makoto OKADA5, Takeshi YOSHIDA3, Itaru OGITSU3, Hiroomi NAKAZATO6, Shun KAMEYAMA3, Atsushi KAGAWA3, Masaaki MORISAKI3, Masayuki HYODO7, Hisashi NIREI8 (1.Center for Environmental Biology and Ecosystem Studies, NIES, 2.Institute of Geology and Geoinformation, Geological Survey of Japan, AIST, 3.Research Institute of Environmental Geology, Chiba, 4.National Institute of Polar Research, 5.Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, Ibaraki University, 6.National Institute for Rural Engineering, 7.Research Center for Inland Seas, Kobe University, 8.International Union of Geological Science for Environmental Management)

In the Tabuchi section, along the Yoro river in the Boso Peninsula, the Kokumoto Formation (Kazusa Group) represents an expanded well-exposed, continuous marine succession across the Lower-Middle Pleistocene boundary. Since the Tabuchi section contains the Matuyama-Brunhes boundary whose age was highly accurately constrained, it is considered as a candidate for the Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP). In addition, due to the high sedimentation rate and continuous deposition, the Kokumoto Formation is suitable for high-resolution paleoenvironmental studies. However, paleoecological studies of the formation are very few, responses of marine organisms to paleoenvironmental changes remain unclear. Therefore, this study systematically described the trace fossils and ichnofabrics of the Kokumoto Formation of the Tabuchi section. Twelve ichnogenera and another indeterminate U-shaped burrow were recognized from the silty beds of the formation, which are typical components of ichnofacies characterizing the bathyal zone (i.e. Zoophycos ichnofacies). In addition, no graphoglyptid trace fossils, which commonly occur in abyssal plain environments, were observed. Based on the trace-fossil assemblage combined with other sedimentological features, it is most likely that the silty beds of the Kokumoto Formation were deposited in a continental slope setting. Furthermore, two types of ichnofabrics were identified, which are Phycosiphon-dominated ichnofabric (Phy ichnofabric) and Chondrites-Planolites-Thalassinoides ichnofabric (Ch-Pl-Th ichnofabric). Observation of the thin-sliced slabs revealed the distinctive stratigraphic changes of these two ichnofabrics; namely, both the Phy-ichnofabric and Ch-Pl-Th ichnofabric occur in the lower and upper part of the Tabuchi section, whereas the Ch-Pl-Th ichnofabric is exclusively recognized in the middle part. The vertical change in ichnofabrics is not correlated with changes in sedimentation rate. Instead, the ichnofabrics are well correlated with changes in benthic-food contents, which are estimated by the results of high-resolution XRF analysis. In particular, the lower and upper parts of the Tabuchi section, which are characterized with the presence of Phy-ichnofabric, are synchronized with food-poor intervals. Since the Phycosiphon-producer is regarded as a grain-selective deposit feeder, which may have effectively ingested organic matter, it is reasonable that the Phy-ichnofabric occurs only in food-poor intervals.