Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG09] Satellite Earth Environment Observation

Wed. May 27, 2015 6:15 PM - 7:30 PM Convention Hall (2F)

Convener:*Riko Oki(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Tadahiro Hayasaka(Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Kaoru Sato(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Masaki Satoh(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Nobuhiro Takahashi(National Institute of Information and Communications Technology), Yoshiaki HONDA(Center for Environmental Remote Sensing, Chiba University), Kenlo Nasahara(Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba), Takashi Nakajima(Tokai University, School of Information Science & Technology, Dept. of Human & Information Science), Taikan Oki(Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo), Tatsuya Yokota(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Yukari Takayabu(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, the University of Tokyo), Hiroshi Murakami(Earth Observation Research Center, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Hajime Okamoto(Kyushu University)

6:15 PM - 7:30 PM

[ACG09-P04] Evaluation of Satellite-Borne Radar, Lidar, and Imager Algorithm for Retrieval of Cloud Microphysical Properties

*Yuichiro HAGIHARA1, Hajime OKAMOTO1 (1.Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan)

Keywords:synergy, radar, lidar, imager, cloud microphysics

We developed algorithm for the retrieval of effective radius (Reff) and cloud water content (CWC) of clouds by using collocated CloudSat 94 GHz cloud radar, CALIPSO lidar and MODIS imager. Main aim of the study is to evaluate uncertainties of the algorithm. The radar and lidar retrieval algorithm was initially developed by Okamoto et al., (2010) for ice cloud region detected by radar and lidar. And Sato and Okamoto (2011) extended the range of applicability to the ice regions detected radar or lidar. Then Okamoto et al., (2014) further extended the algorithm by introducing optical thickness (τvis) information from MODIS that can be applicable to both ice and water clouds, and rainy regions detected radar or lidar. Here RL and RLI denote radar or lidar algorithm and radar/lidar with τvis algorithm from imager (RLI). Major source of uncertainties in the RL is the treatment of radar only detected clouds and precipitation where lidar signal is totally attenuated and we introduced empirical formula in radar-only region derived from ground-based Doppler cloud radar observations.
In this presentation, cloud microphysics of convective clouds was analysed in September 10, 2006 over the Pacific Ocean. We examined the vertical distribution of Reff, CWC, τvis as well as cloud water path (CWP). By using τvis as a constraint, Reff is ∼50 μm smaller than RL results and ∼300 μm smaller than RL results in the water cloud region below ∼5 km. Responding to this trend, IWC was 0.5 g/m3 larger and LWC was 0.01 g/m3 larger compare to the RL ones. We also compared τvis and CWP between from MODIS, RL, and RLI.
Instead of retrieved τvis, MODIS reflectance was also combined with RL and we examined the uncertainties in the both versions of RLI algorithms, due to the possible variability of ice particle shape and orientations.
In 2017, the joint European and Japanese satellite mission EarthCARE, which will carry a Doppler cloud radar, high-spectral resolution lidar, multi-spectral imager, and broadband radiometer, is scheduled to launch. We discuss how to use Doppler information to reduce the retrieval errors. The algorithm described above will be adapted to the standard algorithm.