Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG10] Earth and Planetary satellite observation projects Part II: Satellite Earth Environment Observation

Tue. May 24, 2016 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 303 (3F)

Convener:*Riko Oki(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Tadahiro Hayasaka(Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Kaoru Sato(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Masaki Satoh(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Yoshiaki HONDA(Center for Environmental Remote Sensing, Chiba University), Kenlo Nasahara(Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba), Takashi Nakajima(Tokai University, School of Information Science & Technology, Dept. of Human & Information Science), Taikan Oki(Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo), Tsuneo Matsunaga(Center for Environmental Measurement and Analysis, National Institute for Environmental Studies), Yukari Takayabu(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, the University of Tokyo), Hiroshi Murakami(Earth Observation Research Center, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Hajime Okamoto(Kyusyu University), Gail Skofronick Jackson(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center), Paul Chang(NOAA College Park), David Crisp(Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology), Chair:David Crisp(Jet Propulsion Laboratory), Tatsuya Yokota(National Institute for Environmental Studies)

11:30 AM - 11:45 AM

[ACG10-22] Hyperspectral Imaging from International Space Station : Hyperspectral Imager Suite (HISUI)

*Tsuneo Matsunaga1, Satoru Yamamoto1, Toru Sakai1, Akira Iwasaki2, Satoshi Tsuchida3, Koki Iwao3, Jun Tanii4, Osamu Kashimura4, Hirokazu Yamamoto3, Koichiro Mouri4, Tetsushi Tachikawa4 (1.National Institute for Environmental Studies, 2.The University of Tokyo, 3.National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 4.Japan Space Systems)

Hyperspectral Imager Suite (HISUI) is a spaceborne imaging spectrometer being developed by Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry (METI) of Japan for the deployment on International Space Station (ISS) Japan Experiment Module (JEM) in FY2018. It will be METI’s fourth spaceborne optical imaging system after JERS-1 OPS (1992 – 1998), ASTER (1999 - ), and ASNARO-1 (2014 - ). HISUI has one reflective telescope, two grating spectrometers, two area detectors, and a mechanical cooler, and covers 0.4 - 2.5 µm spectral region with 185 spectral bands, 20 m (cross track) x 30 m (along track) spatial resolution, and 20 km swath, from the altitude of 400 km. The basic specifications of HISUI are summarized in Table 1.

HISUI project is currently being promoted by three organizations each of which has a contract with METI : Japan Space Systems, NEC Corporation, and National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST). In addition, several scientists from universities and national research institutes are participating in the HISUI project.

The planned operation of HISUI onboard ISS will be three years from 2019. In this time period, ISS will have several advanced earth observing instruments such as a vegetation lidar (Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation, GEDI), a thermal camera for terrestrial vegetation (ECOsystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station, ECOSTRESS) and a carbon dioxide sensor (Orbital Carbon Observatory 3, OCO-3). Synergy among these instruments will provide us new information on terrestrial ecosystem which cannot be obtained from indivisual observations by these instruments. Especially, simultaneous observation by GEDI and HISUI will enable combined analysis of biomass amount data from a lidar and physiological parameters of vegetation from an imaging spectrometer.