Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol B (Biogeosciences) » B-PT Paleontology

[B-PT08] Evolution of Chemosynthetic Ecosystem in Earth History

Thu. May 26, 2016 3:30 PM - 4:45 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Robert Jenkins(School of Natural System, College of Science and Engineering, Kanazawa University), Hiromi WATANABE(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Takami Nobuhara(Science Education (Geology), Faculty of Education, Shizuoka University), Ryuichi Majima(Faculty of Education and Human Sciences, Yokohama National University)

3:30 PM - 4:45 PM

[BPT08-P04] Population connectivity of benthic copepods in deep-sea chemosynthetic communities

*Hiromi WATANABE1, Reina Senokuchi2, Yuki Uejima2, Hidetaka Nomaki1, Tomo Kitahashi1, Motohiro Shimanaga2, Hiroyuki Yamamoto1 (1.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2.Kumamoto University)

Keywords:hydrothermal vent, environmental assessment, meiobenthos

Meiobenthos are small (<1mm) benthic animals living on seafloor. Although their considerable diversity in marine environment, only less attention is paid for meiobenthos than macro- and mega-benthos. Copepod is the most abundant crustacean in meiobenthos in deep-sea hydrothermal vent environment, and a copepod family Dirivultidae is one of the most successful vent taxa. However, only little is known about ecology and evolution of dirivultids. In the present study, we examined efficiencies of several DNA extraction methods available for copepods, and estimate population connectivity of dirivultid copepods of the genus Stygiopontius in the western Pacific hydrothermal vent fields. DNA extraction efficiency was increased when the morphology of copepod was destructed. However, even the DNA extraction with the lowest concentration (~5ng/μL) was sufficient to obtain sequence data by Sanger sequencer. Genetic diversities of Stygiopontius copepods were different among oceanographic regions, higher in back-arc basins in the southern Pacific than in volcanic arc. In both regions, local populations were not significantly separated genetically based on partial mtCOI sequence. The present result contributes to our knowledge of ecology of meiobenthos, and establishment of environmental assessment tool using meiobenthos in deep-sea hydrothermal vent fields.