Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS09] Gas hydrates in environmental-resource sciences

Mon. May 23, 2016 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 101B (1F)

Convener:*Hitoshi Tomaru(Department of Earth Sciences, Chiba University), Akihiro Hachikubo(Environmental and Energy Resources Research Center, Kitami Institute of Technology), Sumito Morita(Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Chair:Naoto Ishida(Gas Hydrate Research Laboratory, Organization for the Strategic Coordination, Meiji University)

11:00 AM - 11:15 AM

[MIS09-08] Type distribution and composed area of “gas chimney structure” around Japan Island

*Takeshi Oi1, Mikio Satoh2, Ryo Matsumoto1 (1.Organization for the Strategic Coordination of Research and Intellectual Properties, Meiji University, 2.Insititute for Geo-Resource and Environment, Natural Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology)

Keywords:shallow gas hydrate, gas chimney structure, number and size distribution

Distributions of shallow gas hydrates often correlate with “Gas chimney structure”, characterized by well-developed acoustic blanking in the eastern part of Japan Sea. Matsumoto et al. (2015MS) confirmed 971 gas chimneys during the RV MBES & SBP survey in 2013-2014, identified three morphological types (Single, Composite, related with inversion structures) based on the occurrence and distribution pattern. Continuously, 2015 survey was performed from eastern part of Japan Sea to the north Pacific and southern part of the sea of Okhotsk, south of Hokkaido and off Abashiri.
This survey was performed in 75 days from May 6th to July 19th. In order to find the existence of “gas chimney structure”, we firstly extracted topographic anomalies from the initial survey based on depth profiles and back-scatter images by MBES (Multi-Beam Echo Sounder) EM302, secondary evaluated the presence of acoustic blanking, “gas chimney structure” from detailed SBP (Sub-Bottom Profiler) TOPAS PS18 survey on the topographic anomalies.
“Gas chimney structures” were identified in all the survey areas from around Oki islands, Toyama trough, Mogami trough, off Nishi-tsugaru, off Okushiri islands, off Hidaka, off Tokachi, and off Abashiri, counting up to 771. The total number of “gas chimney structures” has become 1742 throughout. In this presentation, we introduce the features with morphological types of “gas chimney structure” in each area, focus the number and size distribution.
This research was a part of METI's project entitled “FY2014 Promoting research and development on methane hydrate”.
Matsumoto et al. (2015MS), Types and distribution of gas chimneys: host structure of shallow gas hydrates, Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015.