Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS11] tsunami deposit

Thu. May 26, 2016 3:30 PM - 4:45 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Kazuhisa Goto(International Research Institute of Disaster Science (IRIDeS),Tohoku University), Masanobu Shishikura(Institute of Earthquake and Volcano Geology, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Yuichi Nishimura(Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University)

3:30 PM - 4:45 PM

[MIS11-P07] Tsunami deposits and preservation potential of them in Onuma, Minami-Sanriku Town, northeast Japan

*Daisuke Ishimura1, Takahiro Miyauchi2 (1.Disaster Science Division, International Research Institute of Disaster Science, Tohoku University, 2.Department of Earth Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Chiba University)

Keywords:tsunami deposits, Sanriku Coast, preservation potential, reconstruction of paleo-environment

Preservation potential of tsunami deposits (Szczucinski, 2012; Spiske et al., 2013; Fujiwara, 2015) is significant for deciding study site, identifying tsunami deposits and assessing interval and frequency of them. One of the factors of preservation potential is topography and depositional environment. Therefore, we reconstructed paleoenvironment during Holocene for assessing preservation potential, and then identified paleo-tsunami deposits.
Our study site is Onuma, Minami-Sanriku Town, Miyagi Prefecture, at the southern part of the Sanriku Coast. Based on geomorphic interpretation, study site had been kept marsh or swamp closed by sandbar and sand dune, and is appropriate for paleo-tsunami study. Thus, we conducted three kinds of methods for obtaining subsurface sediments and identifying tsunami deposits, and used two kinds of analysis for estimating paleoenvironment. As a result, marsh or swamp environment was constructed in 6 ka (just after the fall of To-Cu tephra) and existed until 1 ka. This indicates high preservation potential of tsunami deposits. In this presentation, we will report age and magnitude of paleo-tsunami based on tsunami deposits.