Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS11] tsunami deposit

Thu. May 26, 2016 3:30 PM - 4:45 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Kazuhisa Goto(International Research Institute of Disaster Science (IRIDeS),Tohoku University), Masanobu Shishikura(Institute of Earthquake and Volcano Geology, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Yuichi Nishimura(Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University)

3:30 PM - 4:45 PM

[MIS11-P11] Geological evidence for tsunamis and earthquakes from Lake Hamana and Fuji Five Lakes

*Atsunori Nakamura1, Evelien Boes2, Helmut Brückner3, Marc De Batist2, Osamu Fujiwara1, Edmund Garrett4, Vanessa Heyvaert4, Aurelia Hubert-Ferrari5, Laura Lamair5, Yosuke Miyairi6, Stephen Obrochta7, Masanobu Shishikura1, Shinya Yamamoto8, Yusuke Yokoyama6, The QuakeRecNankai team (1.National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 2.Ghent University, 3.University of Cologne, 4.Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, 5.University of Liège, 6.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 7.Akita University, 8.Mount Fuji Research Institute, Yamanashi Prefectural Government)

Keywords:Tsunami deposit, paleo-earthquake, Lake Hamana, Fuji Five Lakes

Great earthquakes have repeatedly occurred along the Nankai Trough, the subduction zone that lies south of Japan’s heavily industrialized southern coastline. While historical records and geological evidence have revealed spatial distribution of paleo-earthquakes, the temporal variation of the rupture zone is still under debate, in part due to its segmented behavior. Here we explore the potential of the sediment records from Lake Hamana and Fuji Five Lakes as new coherent time series of great earthquakes within the framework of the QuakeRecNankai project.
We obtained pilot gravity cores form Lake Hamana and the Fuji lakes Motosu, Sai, Kawaguchi, and Yamanaka in 2014. In order to image the lateral changes of the event deposits, we also conducted reflection-seismic survey. Based on these results, potential coring sites were determined and then 3–10 m long piston cores were recovered from several sites in each lake in 2015. The cores consist of 2 m long sections with 1 m overlaps between the sections allowing us to reconstruct continuous records of tsunamis and paleo-earthquakes. In this presentation we introduce the progress of QuakeRecNankai project and discuss the potential of the lakes as Late Pleistocene and Holocene archives of tsunamis and paleo-earthquakes.