11:30 AM - 11:45 AM
[MIS17-22] Paleoceanographic reconstructions of surface ocean conditions in the East China Sea since the last glacial maximum based on diatoms
Keywords:East China Sea, Diatom
14.1 m-long sediment core was obtained from the Danjo Basin, northern part of ECS (KY0704-PC01, 31°38.35’N, 128°56.64’E, 758 m water depth). Sediment samples for diatom analyses were sub-sampled at every 5 cm and added 30% hydrogen peroxide to degrade organic matter. For light microscope observation, suspended samples were dropped onto coverslip and mounted with Pleurax (Mount Media). For scanning electron microscope (SEM) observation, suspended samples were filtered with membrane filters with a nominal pore size of 0.45 μm and coated by Osmium tetroxide. Diatom taxa were identified under field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM, JEOL JEM-7001F) and light microscope (LM, Olympus BX50 and BX53). 200 diatom valves were counted under LM for each slide.
A total of 45 diatom species were encountered. We classified them into three environmental groups, i.e., near shore, near shore to open ocean, and open ocean. Near shore, near shore to open ocean, and open ocean groups were characterized by Paralia sulcata, Thalassionema nitzschioides, and Nitzschia bicapitata, respectively. Since last glacial period, Paralia sulcata and Thalassionema nitzschioides have accounted for 25% to 80% in total diatom assemblage. In particular, Paralia sulcata was dominated during the last glacial-deglacial periods with low sea-level, suggesting enhanced coastal water input. At 8 ka, Nitzschia bicapitata accounted for >20% in total diatom assemblage suggesting warm water flowed into the northern ECS from the subtropical Pacific and the South China Sea flowed into the northern ECS. Based on detailed microscopic observation, we identified that both Paralia sulcata and Thalassionema nitzschioides in our samples were not a single species but multiple species. These species suggested that repeated intrusion of Chinese coastal water into the Danjo Basin during Holocene.