Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS17] Paleoclimatology and paleoceanography

Mon. May 23, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Tomohisa Irino(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Minoru Ikehara(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Yusuke Okazaki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University), Ikuko Kitaba(Research Centre for Palaleoclimatology, Ritsumeikan University), Akihisa Kitamura(Institute of Geosciences, Faculty of Science, Shizuoka University), Masaki Sano(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Ryuji Tada(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The Univeristy of Tokyo), Takeshi Nakagawa(Ritsumeikan University), Akira Hayashida(Department of Environmental Systems Science, Doshisha University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[MIS17-P31] SST variation derived from siliceous microfossils at ODP Site 704 in the Southern Atlantic Ocean for the last 6.3Myrs

*Jonaotaro Onodera1, Osamu Seki2, Keiji Horikawa3 (1.Research and Development Center for Global Change, JAMSTEC, 2.Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido Univ., 3.Dept. of Environmental Biology and Chemistry, Univ. of Toyama)

Keywords:silicoflagellate, alkenone, foraminifer, South Atlantic Ocean

Reconstruction of sea surface temperature (SST) is one of the important keys to estimate paleo CO2 variation. Because alkenone SST proxy in higher latitude ocean sometime shows uncertainties due to low alkenone concentration in sediment samples, the SST dataset based on another proxies should be prepared. Biogeographical distribution of silicoflagellate and some diatom taxa corresponds to distribution of cold and subtropical water masses. At ODP Site 704 (46.9°S, 7.4°E, annual SST 5.6°C) in the South Atlantic Ocean, latitudinal migration of subpolar and subtropical surface water masses were estimated for the last 9 million years based on silicoflagellate and diatom fossils in the sediment core samples. Although the fossil preservation was poor in the oldest period from 9 Ma to ~6.3Ma, the extinct genus Bachmannocena considered as a temperate or cosmopolitan species was observed for the period. Continuous silicoflagellate occurrence was observed from ~6.3Ma to present. The silicoflagellate-derived climatological SST was 9°C for 6Ma. The subtropical genus Dictyocha intermittently dominated the assemblage from ~6Ma to 4.6Ma. When the Dictyocha events occurred, the estimated SST temporally rose to 11-12°C. The co-occurrence of cold and subtropical water species probably reflect that the subpolar/subtropical boundary is located around the studied site. After the Dictyocha events, SST decreased to ~4°C from 4.6Ma to 2.1Ma. The relative abundance of sea ice-related species in the silicoflagellate assemblages increased from 2.2Ma. The minimum SST reaching to ~0°C was recorded at 1.9Ma. The SST after 1.8Ma usually ranged from 2.5 to 7.4°C except for three samples characterized by high dominance of subtropical species. Long-term trend of silicoflagellate SST was similar to SST proxies byalkenone and Mg/Ca of planktic foraminifer test. However, silicoflagellate SST was usually 2-4°C lower than other SST proxies, and this difference may be partially explained by different seasonality of silicoflagellates, planktic foraminifer, and calcareous nannoplankton. Further evaluation on our SST data is required for the reliable SST reconstruction at this site.