Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-TT Technology & Techniques

[M-TT28] Frontiers in Geochemistry : Prospect for geochemistry and cosmochemistry in future

Sun. May 22, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Hajime Obata(Marine inorganic chemistry division, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Hirochika Sumino(Department of Basic Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo), Tetsuya Yokoyama(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Takafumi Hirata(Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Urumu Tsunogai(Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University), Yoshio Takahashi(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Shogo Tachibana(Department of Natural History Scieces, Hokkaido University), Katsuhiko Suzuki(Research and Development Center for Submarine Resources, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Gen Shimoda(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Hiroyuki Kagi(Geochemical Research Center, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo), Yusuke Yokoyama(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[MTT28-P03] Evaluation for multi-turn time of flight mass spectrum of laser ionization mass nanoscope

*Azusa Tonotani1, Ken-ichi Bajo1, Satoru Itose2, Morio Ishihara3, Kiichiro Uchino4, Hisayoshi Yurimoto1 (1.Earth and Planetary System Science Department of Natural History Sciences Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, 2.JEOL Ltd, 3.Depertment of Physics, Osaka University, 4.Graduate School of Engineering Sciences, Kyushu University)

Keywords:SNMS, TOF, laser tunneling-ionization,, mass-resolving power, ion transmittance, useful yield

Introduction: Laser ionization mass nanoscope (LIMAS) is a sputtered neutral mass spectrometer (SNMS) by tunneling ionization effect. This instrument was developed for measuring solar wind particles from extraterrestrial materials collected by planetary exploration missions, such as JAXA Hayabusa and NASA Genesis (Bajo et al., 2015). LIMAS consists of a Ga liquid metal ion source and an aberration corrector system for sputtering of nanometer scale area on samples, a femtosecond laser system for tunneling-ionization of the sputtered particles, and a multi-turn time-of-flight mass spectrometer (MULTUM II) for mass separation of isotope analysis. We have evaluated the performance of MULTUM II equipped with the ion injection optics of LIMAS.
Experimental procedure: We carried out numerical simulations of ion trajectories in the ion injection optics, and then load voltages for each lens were determined experimentally. As a result, Extraction lens L1 was -700 V, L2 was -3300 V. Einzel lenses 1 and 2 were set to -1260 V and -2700 V, respectively. Under these conditions, we evaluated mass resolving power and transmittance of LIMAS using 24Mg2+. Data for each cycle were averaged for 1000 shots. We calculated useful yield of each cycle of LIMAS by depth profile of Si ions. The sputtered crater volume was measured by 3D laser scanning confocal microscope.
Results and Discussion: Mass-resolving power of TOF mass spectrometer is defined by time-of-flight of ion “t” and ion packet width “Δt” (R = t/2Δt). Mass-resolving power increased up to the TOF of 1000 µs (200 multi-turn cycles). After 1000 µs, mass-resolving power became saturated. Saturation of the mass-resolving power (R = ~105) indicates that the averaged peak width increases linearly with increasing the number of cycles. Increasing FWHM was occurred by different TOF of ion packet become large with increasing cycle. 3 factors affect by different TOF of ion packet: 1) modulation by the acceleration voltage (ΔU), 2) modulation of the injection timing for the ion injection optics (ΔtL1), and 3) modulation of the electric field for the electric sectors (ΔE) in MULTUM II.
Modulations of ΔU and ΔE become dominant if TOF increase. The ΔE was observed at 5 ppm, corresponding to R = 105, which is consistent with the saturation value of R described above. In order to correct the modulation of ΔE, TOF correction among peaks must be effective. Appling TOF correction, the mass-resolving power of LIMAS increased linearly with increasing the flight path length, and reached 620,000 (FWHM) at 1,000 multi-turn cycles of MULTUM II (flight path length: 1,312 m).
The transmittance up to 20 multi-turn cycles decreased to 60–70%, compared with the transmittance on linear mode. After 20 multi-turn cycles, the transmittance per multi-turn cycle became constant (99.96%).
A useful yield of LIMAS was estimated. As a result, useful yield was 3 x 10-3 at 30 multi-turn cycles (R = 17,000), 2 x 10-3 at 1000 multi-turn cycles (R = 620,000) of MULTUM II. The calculated useful yields for LIMAS would be better than to those for Cameca ims 6f at the same R (cf. 7 x 10-3 at R = 4,000; Hervig et al., 2006).