Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM04] Space Weather, Space Climate, and VarSITI

Sun. May 22, 2016 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 103 (1F)

Convener:*Ryuho Kataoka(National Institute of Polar Research), Antti Pulkkinen(NASA GSFC), Yusuke Ebihara(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Yoshizumi Miyoshi(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Toshifumi Shimizu(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, JAXA), Ayumi Asai(Unit for Synergetic Studies of Space, Kyoto University), Hidekatsu Jin(National Institude of Information and Communications Technology), Tatsuhiko Sato(Japan Atomic Energy Agency), Kanya Kusano(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Hiroko Miyahara(College of Art and Design, Musashino Art University), Kiminori Itoh(Graduate School of Engineering, Yokohama National University), Kazuo Shiokawa(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Takuji Nakamura(National Institute of Polar Research), Shigeo Yoden(Division of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Kiyoshi Ichimoto(Kwasan and Hida Observatories, Kyoto University), Mamoru Ishii(National Institute of Information and Communications Technology), Chair:Antti Aleksi Pulkkinen(The National Aeronautics and Space Administration)

4:05 PM - 4:20 PM

[PEM04-19] International joint study of EEP effects on the atmospheric minor components during pulsating aurora

*Shin-ichiro Oyama1, Yoshizumi Miyoshi1, Shinji Saito1, Esa Turunen2, Antti Kero2, Noora Partamies4, Pekka T Verronen3, Jyrki Manninen2, Ilkka Virtanen2, Tero Raita2 (1.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, 2.University of Oulu, 3.Finnish Meteorological Institute, 4.The University Centre in Svalbard)

Keywords:pulsating aurora, atmospheric minor component

In recent years, variations of the atmospheric minor component (NOx, HOx, O3, etc) due to energetic electron precipitation (EEP) have been widely studied by many researchers. There are several sources to cause EEP, such as solar proton event, electron precipitation during pulsating aurora, and relativistic electron precipitation. This study focuses on pulsating-auroral (PA-) EEP, which is an almost daily occurrence in the morning sector of the auroral ionosphere. EISCAT measurements and GEMSIS-RBW simulation reveal that energy range of the PA-EEP is higher than 10 keV to a few hundred keV [Saito et al., 2012; Miyoshi et al., 2015]. Such energetic electrons can cause ionization in the mesosphere and upper stratosphere, resulting in forced modifications in the chemical equilibrium of the atmospheric minor components. This process is essentially important for understanding solar-climate relationships.
Japanese and Finnish researchers organize an international joint team, and conduct observation campaigns with the EISCAT radars, optical instruments, KAIRA riometer, and VAPs satellites in order to understand generation mechanism of PA-EEP and its impact on the ionosphere and atmosphere. Additionally we will analyze the archived data sets to understand EEP features. These scientific objectives will be accomplished by collaborations with the GEMSIS-RBW model and Sodankyla Ion Chemistry (SIC) model. In this presentation we will introduce some case studies of measurements and model calculations.
Miyoshi, Y., S. Oyama, S. Saito et al., Energetic electron precipitation associated with pulsating aurora EISCAT and Van Allen Probes observations, J. Geophys. Res., 2015.
Saito, S., Y. Miyoshi, and K. Seki, Relativistic electron microbursts associated with whistler chorus rising tone elements: GEMSIS-RBW simulations, Journal of Geophysical Research, 2012.