Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM04] Space Weather, Space Climate, and VarSITI

Mon. May 23, 2016 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 103 (1F)

Convener:*Ryuho Kataoka(National Institute of Polar Research), Antti Pulkkinen(NASA GSFC), Yusuke Ebihara(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Yoshizumi Miyoshi(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Toshifumi Shimizu(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, JAXA), Ayumi Asai(Unit for Synergetic Studies of Space, Kyoto University), Hidekatsu Jin(National Institude of Information and Communications Technology), Tatsuhiko Sato(Japan Atomic Energy Agency), Kanya Kusano(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Hiroko Miyahara(College of Art and Design, Musashino Art University), Kiminori Itoh(Graduate School of Engineering, Yokohama National University), Kazuo Shiokawa(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Takuji Nakamura(National Institute of Polar Research), Shigeo Yoden(Division of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Kiyoshi Ichimoto(Kwasan and Hida Observatories, Kyoto University), Mamoru Ishii(National Institute of Information and Communications Technology), Chair:Ryuho Kataoka(National Institute of Polar Research)

9:30 AM - 9:45 AM

[PEM04-24] GPS phase scintillation during the geomagnetic storm of March 17, 2015: The relation to auroral electrojet currents

*Paul Prikryl1,2, Reza Ghoddousi-Fard3, Martin Connors4, James M. Weygand5, Donald W. Danskin2, P. Thayyil Jayachandran1, Knut Stanley Jacobsen6, Yngvild Linnea Andalsvik6, Evan G. Thomas7, Mike Ruohoniemi7, Tibor Durgonics8, Kjellmar Oksavik9,10, Yongliang Zhang11, Marcio Aquino12, V. Sreeja12 (1.Physics Dept., University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB, Canada, 2.Geomagnetic Laboratory, Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada, 3.Canadian Geodetic Survey, Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada, 4.Athabasca University, Edmonton, AB, Canada, 5.Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA, 6.Norwegian Mapping Authority, Hønefoss, Norway, 7.Bradley Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA, 8.Technical University of Denmark, National Space Institute, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark, 9.Birkeland Centre for Space Science, Dept. of Physics and Technology, Univ. of Bergen, Bergen, Norway, 10.The University Centre in Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway, 11.Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD, USA, 12.Nottingham Geospatial Institute, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK)

Keywords:Polar and auroral ionosphere (Ionospheric irregularities, Ionospheric currents, Energetic particles), Radio science (Radio wave propagation, Space and satellite communication), Space weather (Impacts on technological systems)

Ionospheric irregularities cause rapid fluctuations of radio wave amplitude and phase that can degrade GPS positional accuracy and affect performance of radio communication and navigation systems. The ionosphere becomes particularly disturbed during geomagnetic storms caused by impacts of coronal mass ejections compounded by high-speed plasma streams from coronal holes. Geomagnetic storm of March 17, 2015 was the largest in the current solar cycle. The high-latitude ionosphere dynamics is studied using arrays of ground-based instruments including Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receivers, HF radars, ionosondes, riometers and magnetometers. GPS phase scintillation index is computed for L1 signal sampled at the rate of up to 100 Hz by specialized GNSS scintillation receivers of the Expanded Canadian High Arctic Ionospheric Network (ECHAIN) and the Norwegian Mapping Authority network supplemented by additional GNSS receivers operated by other institutions. To further extend the geographic coverage, the phase scintillation proxy index is obtained from geodetic-quality GPS data sampled at 1 Hz. In the context of solar wind coupling to the magnetosphere-ionosphere system, it has been demonstrated that GPS phase scintillation is primarily enhanced in the cusp, tongue of ionization (TOI) broken into patches drawn into the polar cap from the dayside storm-enhanced plasma density (SED) and in the auroral oval during energetic particle precipitation events, substorms and pseudo-breakups in particular. In this paper we examine the relation to auroral electrojet currents observed by arrays of ground-based magnetometers and energetic particle precipitation observed by DMSP satellites. Equivalent ionospheric currents (EICs) are obtained from ground magnetometer data using the spherical elementary currents systems (SECS) technique developed by Amm and Viljanen (1999) that has been applied over the entire North American ground magnetometer network by Weygand et al. (2011).
Amm, O., and A. Viljanen, Earth Planets Space, 51, 431–440, 1999.
Weygand et al., J. Geophys. Res., 116, A03305, 2011.