5:15 PM - 6:30 PM
[PEM09-P14] Comparison study between coherent radar echo and empirically-modeled electron density in the mesosphere based on the PANSY radar
Keywords:MST radar, Mesosphere, Polar Mesosphere Winter Echo, Ionopheric D-region
The PANSY (Program of the Antarctic Syowa MST/IS) radar, which is the largest MST radar in Antarctica, observed many PMWE events since it has started mesosphere observations in June 2012. We established an application method of the PANSY radar as riometer, which makes it possible to estimate Cosmic Noise Absorptions (CNA) as proxy of relative variations on background electron density. In addition, electron density profiles from 60 to 150 km altitude are calculated by Ionospheric Model for the Auroral Zone (IMAZ) [McKinnell and Friedrich, 2007] and CNA estimated by the PANSY radar.
In this presentation, we would like to focus on strong PMWE during two big geomagnetic storm events, St. Patrick’s Day and the Summer Solstice 2015 Event, in oreder to compare observed PMWE characteristics to model background electron density. On March 19 and 22, recovery phase of St. Patrick’s Day Storm, sudden PMWE intensification was detected near 60 km by the PANSY radar. At the same time, strong Cosmic Noise Absorptions (CNA) of ~ 0.8 dB and 1.0 dB were measured, respectively. However, calculated elctron density profiles did not necessarily demonstrate high elecetron density at the altitude where the PMWE intensifications were observed. On June 22, the Summer Solstice 2015 Event, strong nighttime PMWE near 80 km was detected around 16 UT, which is equal to 19 LT at Syowa station. Since PMWE observations are primarily confined to daytime because of relatively abundant free electrons in the illuminated mesosphere, this strong and long-lived nighttime PMWE implies that EPPs related to the storm caused the sporadic ionization sufficient for PMWE even in dark mesosphere. The modeled electron density profile agreed with the occurrence of the PMWE, showing density enehancement of 109 - 1010 cm-3 from 60 to 80 km altitude. The difference between the above two events is thought to be caused by overestimations of CNA in St. Patrick’s Day Storm, which leads to underestimation of modeled electron density. We are going to validate CNA estimated by the PANSY radar and discuss about discrepansy between modeled elecron density and PMWE in detail.