Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-GL Geology

[S-GL40] Advanced Mud Volcano Studies

Tue. May 24, 2016 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 302 (3F)

Convener:*Tomohiro Toki(Faculty of Science, University of the Ryukyus), Miho Asada(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Akira Ijiri(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Sumito Morita(Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Takeshi Tsuji(International Institute for Carbon-Neutral Energy Research (WPI-I2CNER), Kyushu University), Arata Kioka(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo), Kazuhiro Tanaka(Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Yamaguchi University), Chair:Miho Asada(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Tomohiro Toki(Faculty of Science, University of the Ryukyus)

11:10 AM - 11:25 AM

[SGL40-02] Dispersal of deep-biosphere communities from submarine mud volcanoes to the overlying hydrosphere

*Tatsuhiko Hoshino1,2, Tomohiro Toki3, Akira Ijiri1,2, Yuki Morono1,2, Hideaki Machiyama2, Juichiro Ashi4, Fumio Inagaki2,1 (1.Kochi Institute for Core Sample Research, Japan Agency for Marine Science and Technology, 2.Research and Development Center for Submarine Resources, Japan Agency for Marine Science and Technology, 3.Faculty of Science, University of the Ryukyus, 4.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Mud Volcano, Microbial community structure

Submarine mud volcanoes along the plate convergent margins represent "natural pipelines" that vertically transport low density, deformable sediments and gaseous compounds from several kilometers below the seafloor to the overlying hydrosphere. For example, methane is supplied through upward fluid advection via the mud volcanism from the deeper hydrocarbon reservoir and microbial communities near the seafloor consume a large fraction of methane through their aerobic and anaerobic oxidation activities on the seafloor. However, the vertical dispersal of microbial components from the subseafloor habitat to the overlying seawater remains unknown.
Since 2012, using the AUV "Urashima" and ROV "Hyper-Dolphin", we performed an intensive seafloor survey of the submarine mud-volcanic structures off Tanegashima Island, showing well-preserved mud-flow channels suggestive of the recent mud-volcanic activities. During the KH-15-2 cruise in 2015, we obtained sediment core and water samples from the summit of MV#1 and MV#14 using a Navigable Sampling System (NSS). The profiles of methane concentrations in the water column showed a small peak (1-2 nM) at about 40 m and 60 m above the top of MV#1 and MV#14, respectively, indicating the existence of methane plume discharged from the submarine mud volcano. To study taxonomic composition of microbial communities in sediment and water-column habitats, we extracted DNA and then sequenced 16S rRNA genes using a next generation sequencer. The sequence analysis demonstrated that microbial community structures are overall very different above and below the seafloor. However, interestingly, we found some common species, such as "Atribacteria"-relatives, which are widely distributed in anaerobic subseafloor sedimentary habitats. Moreover, the distribution patterns of those common species correlate with the peaked methane profiles. Our geochemical and microbiological observations suggest that a small fraction of deep-biosphere microbial communities are geomechanically dispersed with methane from submarine mud volcanoes to the overlying hydrosphere.