Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-MP Mineralogy & Petrology

[S-MP15] Oceanic and Continental Subduction Processes-II, from structural-petrologic perspective

Mon. May 23, 2016 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM Convention Hall B (2F)

Convener:*Kazuaki Okamoto(Faculty of Education, Saitama University), Chair:Kazuaki Okamoto(Faculty of Education, Saitama University), Hafiz Ur Rehman(Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Kagoshima University)

9:00 AM - 9:15 AM

[SMP15-01] Estimate of subduction rate of island arcs to the deep mantle

*Hiroki Ichikawa1,2, Shinji Yamamoto3, Kenji Kawai4,2, Masanori Kameyama1 (1.Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University, 2.Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 3.Graduate School of Environment and Information Science, Yokohama National University, 4.Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Tokyo)

Keywords:island arc, subduction, numerical simulation

Evolution of life on the Earth is strongly related to the oceans and the continents, both of which are unique to the Earth. Continental materials contain a large amount of incompatible and radiogenic elements, which may affect terrestrial thermal history and chemical evolution, as well as the Earth’s surface environment. Geological studies have revealed that continental materials are subducted from the Earth’s surface via the following three mechanisms (e.g. Yamamoto et al., 2009): tectonic erosion, sediment subduction, and direct subduction of immature oceanic arcs, which are found, for example, in the western Pacific. In the first two processes, the continental materials are conveyed through subduction channels of thickness of 2-3km just above the subducting slabs, and therefore considerable amount of continental materials reaches 270 km depth (Ichikawa et al., 2013, 2014), below which the continental materials are denser than the surrounding mantle materials due to coesite-stishovite transition. Here, in order to estimate the subduction rate of continental materials of oceanic arcs to the deep mantle, we have conducted numerical simulations of subduction of arcs based on the finite element method, using relevant rheology models. The results show that the subduction rate highly depends on temperature profiles of the subducting slabs and the geometry of the arcs.