Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-SS Seismology

[S-SS26] Crustal Structure

Sun. May 22, 2016 10:45 AM - 12:00 PM 201A (2F)

Convener:*Koichiro Obana(Research and Development Center for Earthquake and Tsunami, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Chair:Masahiro Kosuga(Graduate School of Science and Technology, Hirosaki University), Takashi Tonegawa(Research and Development center for Earthquake and Tsunami, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

11:30 AM - 11:45 AM

[SSS26-09] Study on heterogeneous structure beneath the Beppu-Haneyama fault zone 2

*Megumi Kamizono1, Satoshi Matsumoto2, Manami Nakamoto2, Masahiro Miyazaki3 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Sciences, Kyushu University, 2.2Institute of Seismology and Volcanology, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, 3.Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University)

Keywords:Beppu-Haneyama fault zone, Short wavelength heterogeneity

The Beppu-Haneyama fault zone is the active fault zone in Kyushu, running from the Beppu Bay to western part of Oita prefecture. In the Beppu-Haneyama area, there are many faults and some volcanoes exist between the fault zones. This suggests that the sub-surface structure is heterogeneous in this area. For example, the thin seismogenic layer (about 7km) and the seismic velocity anomaly. Here we developed a method for estimating the complex structure in the area. We modeled the structure of this fault zone as a structure composed by a background heterogeneity and strong scatterers.
We analyzed the 18 seismic events observed at 29 seismic stations deployed by Kyushu and Kyoto Universities, NIED and JMA. We estimated background structure by comparing the observed envelope with theoretical curve based on multiple scattering model. Then, the ripples in the observed envelope were extracted by comparing the envelope with the theoretically expected curve. We estimated the distribution of scatterers based on travel time of the ripples. At 4Hz, the strong scatterer located around the fault zone, the seismic velocity anomaly and the tectonic lines. At 8Hz, scatterer are distributed in the Kuju volcano area.
In conclusion, we could estimate the complex heterogeneity beneath the Beppu-Haneyama fault zone. This method can be applied to the heterogeneous structure of other area, and it is expected to image the structure.