Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-VC Volcanology

[S-VC47] Active volcanism

Tue. May 24, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Yosuke Aoki(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Yuta Maeda(Nagoya University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[SVC47-P25] Compositional variation of Holocene volcanic products
from the northwestern part of Aso central cones

*Masataka Kawaguchi1, Toshiaki Hasenaka1, Nobutatsu Mochizuki1, Hidetoshi Shibuya1, Yasushi Mori2 (1.Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University, 2.Kitakyushu Museum of Natural History and Human History)

Keywords:Aso, central cones, post-caldera volcanism, Holocene, paleomagnetic directions, chemical compositions

We described the petrography of Holocene volcanic products from the northwestern part of Aso central cones and compared their bulk rock compositions with the result of paleomagnetic study. We examined their genetic relationship by fractional crystallization model.
Holocene volcanic products of this area gradually changes to more unfractionated magma type, from Kishimadake to Ojodake, Komezuka, with time. Paleomagnetic directions determined by Yato et al. (2013) showed that the simultaneous eruptions occurred at different volcanoes. They also showed that the three volcanoes repeatedly erupted after intervals of quiescence. Tamai (2015MS) divided lavas of Kishimadake, Ojodake and Komezuka into 5 stages using magneto-stratigraphy. Kishimadake lava of stage 3 is different from that of stage 1. One is similar to Komezuka lava and has an intergranular texture. The other has an intersertal texture. Mineral assemblage is the same. Ojodake and Komezuka lava show little change in composition, mineral assemblage and texture throughout all stages.
All of the three range from 1.7 to 2.3 in FeO*/MgO ratio with 51.0-53.5 wt.% SiO2. Ojodake and Komezuka lavas differ in FeO*/MgO ratio even though they have the same SiO2 content. It suggests that steady-state recharge and eruption occurred in the magma supply system for several hundred years. In addition, coeval lavas from different volcanoes, of different chemical compositions, indicate multiple magma chambers were present. Because the Rayleigh fractional crystallization model did not reveal parent-daughter pairs, simple fractional crystallization of the observed phenocryst assemblage do not account for compositional variation of Holocene volcanic products.