Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-VC Volcanology

[S-VC47] Active volcanism

Tue. May 24, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Yosuke Aoki(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Yuta Maeda(Nagoya University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[SVC47-P26] Continuous soil diffuse CO2 flux measurement at Aso volcano, Japan

*Toshiya Mori1, Masaaki Morita1, Akihiko Yokoo2, Takahiro Ohkura2, Yuichi Morita3 (1.Geochemical Research Center, Graduate School of Science, the Univesity of Tokyo, 2.Aso Volcanological Laboratory, Institute for Geothermal Sciences, Graduate Shcool of Science, Kyoto University, 3.Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Aso volcano, volcanic gas, CO2 diffuse degassing

Carbon dioxide is a major volcanic gas component which gives important information for monitoring volcanic activities. This gas is not only emitted as volcanic plumes from craters and fumarolic areas but also widely emitted through soil surface of volcanoes as invisible emission called "diffuse degassing". There are several advantages for monitoring the soil diffuse degassing, because the soil gas usually do not have corrosive acidic gases and its temperature are generally low. Thus, it is much easier to carry out continuous monitoring compared to that for high temperature fumarolic gases. Many precursory changes have been reported related to soil diffuse flux of CO2 prior to the volcanic eruptions or to significant changes of volcanic activities.
We set up a CO2 flux station (West systems, Italy) for continuous monitoring of soil CO2 diffuse degassing at Aso volcano, Japan, in early Jan. 2016. The station was set about 1 km south-west from the rim of a currently active crater of Mt. Nakadake near Hondo observatory of Kyoto University. The station is powered by solar panel system and measures the soil CO2 flux every hour by the accumulation chamber method together with various meteorological parameters such as air temperature, air pressure, humidity, precipitation, wind speed and etc. At least until mid Feb. 2016, the CO2 flux has been low ranging below 0.28 moles/m2/day. In the presentation we will introduce our measurement at Aso volcano, discuss influence of various meteorological elements to the diffuse CO2 flux, and compare the flux with the volcanic activities of Aso volcano.