Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-VC Volcanology

[S-VC48] Volcanic and igneous activities, and these long-term forecasting

Sun. May 22, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Teruki Oikawa(Institute of Earthquake and Volcano Geology, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Takeshi Hasegawa(Department of Earth Sciences, College of Science, Ibaraki University), Daisuke MIURA(Geosphere Sciences, Civil Engineering Research Laboratory, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry), Yoshihiro Ishizuka(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Nobuo Geshi(Geological Survey of Japan, The National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[SVC48-P09] Petorologic Study of the Stage IV Eruptives of Myoko Volcano

*Rin Nodera1, Yasuo Ishizaki1, Nobuko Kametani1 (1.Graduate School of Science and Engineering for Education, University of Toyama)

Keywords:Myoko Volcano, magma mixing, magma system

Myoko Volcano (2445 m a.s.l.), a near-conical composite stratovolcano with a summit horseshoe-shaped depression ~1.5 km wide, is located at the western Niigata Prefecture. To date, the eruptive history and characteristics of this volcano have well studied. The volcanic activity started at 0.3 Ma and is divided into four eruption stages on the basis of K-Ar and 14C ages (Hayatsu, 2008; hereafter H08). In order to decipher the magmatic evolution of the composite volcano, petrographic features and whole-rock compositions of the Stage IV eruptives are investigated.
The stage IV, the youngest stage of Myoko Volcano, consists of three sub-stages, i.e., pre-collapse (43 ka-), collapse (21 ka-6 ka), and post-collapse stages (6 ka-present) (stage names are modified from those in H08). The volcanic activity during the pre-collapse sub-stage formed the dacitic to andesitic Shibutamigawa Pyroclastic Flow Deposit (SPFD; 55.2-62.9 wt.% SiO2; 42190 ± 380 yr BP) and the directly overlying, basaltic Nishikawadani Scoria Flow Deposit (NSFD; 50.5-52.8 wt.% SiO2). (14C age is from 08). The SPFD shows a hydrous phenocryst assemblage (Pl + Amp + Opx + Cpx ± Ol ± Opq) whereas the NSFD shows an anhydrous phenocryst assemblage (Pl ± Opx + Cpx + Ol ± Opq). The volcanic activity during the central cone stage formed two andesitic to dacitic pyroclastic flow deposits, i.e., the Akakura Pyroclastic Flow Deposit(APFD; 5510 ± 70 yr. BP, 60.3-64.4 wt.% SiO2)and the Ohtagirigawa Pyroclastic Flow Deposit (OPFD; 4060 ± 60 yr. BP, 56.9-64.1 wt.% SiO2) (14C ages are from H08). The APFD and OPFD show hydrous phenocryst assemblage (Pl + Amp + Opx ± Cpx ± Ol ± Qtz ± Opq) and contain quenched mafic enclaves (55.2-57.1 wt.% SiO2; phenocryst assemblage Pl ± Amp + Opx + Cpx ± Ol ± Opq). Eruptives of pre- and post-collapse sub-stages show distinct linear mixing trends on many Harker diagrams. Although major and trace elements are broadly similar in all dacites erupted between pre- and post-collapse stages, there are slight differences in K2O contents. In addition, the mafic magmas erupted between pre- and post-collapse stages are differ in TiO2, Al2O3, K2O, P2O5, V,and Sr contents. These petrological features indicate that the eruptions of the pre- and post-collapse sub-stages were fed by different and transitory silicic magma chambers, repeatedly recharged by mafic magmas of diverse compositions.