[AHW24-P06] Tank model analysis of coseismic groundwater-level increasing induced by 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake
Keywords:2016 Kumamoto earthquake, Groundwater level, Tank model analysis, Coseismic groundwater level rise
A tank model was constructed to explain groundwater level data recorded at the observation wells. The amount of daily precipitation subtracted from the evapotranspiration estimated by the Thornthwaite method in each month were used as effective input amounts to the first tank. Also, since paddy fields are expected to recharge groundwater during the paddy irrigation period from May to October, we added paddy tank. The water level in the third tank was regarded as the groundwater level, and the parameter value was adjusted in each observation well so as to explain the measured groundwater level.
By constructing a tank model that explain the long-term actual groundwater level (measured value) over the past two years until the Kumamoto earthquake occurs, the difference from the measured and calculated value was evaluated as the extent of coseismic groundwater level increase. The coseismic groundwater level rise was found to be particularly large on the east side of the epicenter.