Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Evening Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS01] Outer Solar System Exploration Today, and Tomorrow

Mon. May 21, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Jun Kimura(Osaka University), Yasumasa Kasaba(Dep. Geophysics Graduate School of Science Tohoku University), Steven Vance(Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech, 共同), Kunio M. Sayanagi (Hampton University)

[PPS01-P07] Small Next-generation Atmospheric Probe (SNAP) Concept for In-Situ Atmosephric Exploration of Uranus and/or Neptune

*Sayanagi M. Kunio1, Robert A. Dillman2, David H. Atkinson3, Jing Li8, Sarag Saikia4, Amy A. Simon5, Thomas R. Spilker6, Michael H. Wong7, Drew Hope2, Archit Arora4, Steven Bowen2, Angela Bowes2, David Goggin2, Steven Horan2, Samantha Infeld2, John P. Lecky2, Timothy Marvel2, Ryan McCabe2, Anish Parikh2, David Peterson2, Stephanie Primeaux2, Alexader Scammell2, Kevin Somervill2, Lawrence Taylor2, Christopher Thames2, Hernani Tosoc2, Loc Tran2 (1.Hampton University, 2.NASA Langley Research Center, 3.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4.Purdue University, 5.NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 6.Planetary Mission Architect, 7.University of California, Berkeley, 8.NASA Ames Resaerch Center)

Keywords:Uranus, Neptune, Atmosphere, Planetary Exploration

We present a concept for a small, atmospheric probe that could be flexibly added to future missions that orbit or fly-by a giant planet as a secondary payload, which we call the Small Next-generation Atmospheric Probe (SNAP). SNAP’s main scientific objectives are to determine the vertical distribution of clouds and cloud-forming chemical species, thermal stratification, and wind speed as a function of depth. As a case study, we present the advantages, cost and risk of adding SNAP to the future Uranus Orbiter and Probe flagship mission; in combination with the mission’s main probe, SNAP would perform atmospheric in-situ measurements at a second location, and thus enable and enhance the scientific objectives recommended by the 2013 Planetary Science Decadal Survey and the 2014 NASA Science Plan to determine atmospheric spatial variabilities.

We envision that the science objectives can be achieved with a 30-kg entry probe ~0.5m in diameter (less than half the size of the Galileo probe) that reaches 5-bar pressure-altitude and returns data to Earth via the carrier spacecraft. As the baseline instruments, the probe will carry an Atmospheric Structure Instrument (ASI) that measures the temperature, pressure and acceleration, a carbon nanotube-based NanoChem atmospheric composition sensor, and an Ultra-Stable Oscillator (USO) to conduct a Doppler Wind Experiment (DWE). We also catalog promising technologies currently under development that will strengthen small atmospheric entry probe missions in the future. While SNAP is applicable to multiple planets, we examine the feasibility, benefits and impacts of adding SNAP to the Uranus Orbiter and Probe flagship mission.