Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS07] Interface- and nano-phenomena on crystal growth and dissolution

Wed. May 23, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A03 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Yuki Kimura(Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University), Hitoshi Miura(Graduate School of Natural Sciences, Department of Information and Basic Science, Nagoya City University), Katsuo Tsukamoto(大阪大学大学院工学研究科, 共同), Hisao Satoh(Naka Energy Research Laboratory, Mitsubishi Materials Corporation), Chairperson:Ishizuka Shinnosuke

2:30 PM - 2:45 PM

[MIS07-09] Observation of the dissolution/growth process of carbonate minerals by the visualization technique with the fluorescent probe

*Jun Kawano1, Akiyuki Ueda2, Takashi Toyofuku3, Yukiko Nagai3, Jun-ya Tanaka4, Takaya Nagai1 (1.Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, 2.School of Science, Hokkaido University, 3.JAMSTEC, 4.Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University)

Keywords:dissolution process, visualization, carbonate minerals

Recent progress of observation and simulation techniques has revealed that dissolution or growth process of minerals in aqueous solution cannot be explained only by simple ion-by-ion attachiment/detachiment. To understand these mechanisms, it should be necessary to analyze the local condition of solution just around dissolving or growing crystal. In the present study, we have tried to visualize the distribution of pH and ionic concentration around carbonate minerals dissolving/growing in inorganic environment, by using the fluorescent probe.
When calcite and aragonite dissolve in water, pH just above the surfaces increases rapidly and saturates at slightly higher value than the equilibrium pH. Distribution of pH follows the outer shape of crystals soon after the dissolution starts, and the preferential dissolution from the edge does not occur. On the other hand, in the case of dolomite, pH change is considerably slow and two dimensional feature of pH change during the dissolution is different from those of two CaCO3 polymorphs. These kinds of tendency should strongly depend on the surface condition, such as the density of the dissolution sites (dislocations, etch pits, and so on). By combining this technique with detail observation of surface structure, new insights could be provided into the dissolution/growth mechanism of minerals.