Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS21] Arctic and Antarctic Science and Future Plan

Thu. May 24, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 201A (2F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Takuji Nakamura(National Institute of Polar Research), Atsuko Sugimoto(Arctic Research Center, Hokkaido University), Shin Sugiyama(北海道大学低温科学研究所, 共同), Yoshifumi Nogi(National Institute of Polar Research), Chairperson:Sueyoshi Tetsuo(National Institute of Polar Research)

3:00 PM - 3:15 PM

[MIS21-06] Toward Future Plan of the Arctic and Antarctic Science

*Yoshifumi Nogi1, Tetsuo Sueyoshi1, Takuji Nakamura1, Atsuko Sugimoto2, Shin Sugiyama3 (1.National Institute of Polar Research, 2.Arctic Researc Center, Hokkaido University, 3.Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University)

Keywords:Arctic, Antarctic, ice sheet, ocean circulation, global environment

The changes in the polar regions most likely indicate the precursor and driving force of the global environmental changes, and these changes are essential for future projection of the Earth system. The Antarctic and Greenland ice sheet holds most of ice and is the largest fresh water reservoir on the Earth, which is equivalent to about 70 m height of sea level. Moreover, dense seawater are produced in the polar regions and formed bottom water that drive the thermohaline circulation. Changes in the thermohaline circulation are considered to be large impacts on global environment. Therefore, the polar regions are the key components that control global climate and sea level changes. However, the polar regions are still poorly unknown components in the Earth system due to the harsh weather conditions in these areas.
The interaction among the atmosphere, ice sheet, solid earth and ocean is vital to understand the system in the polar regions, and the systematic various field of scientific observations is required to elucidate the interaction. The scientific program and the framework of the integrated multidisciplinary study focused on the polar regions must be developed from the viewpoints of the global environmental changes. Present scientific activities in the polar regions are introduced, and the future direction of the Arctic and Antarctic science are discussed. We will also have discussion time for the session summary.