Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-GC Geochemistry

[S-GC46] Solid Earth Geochemistry, Cosmochemistry

Tue. May 22, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 202 (2F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Gen Shimoda(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Katsuhiko Suzuki(Research and Development Center for Submarine Resources, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Katsuyuki Yamashita(岡山大学大学院自然科学研究科, 共同), Akira Ishikawa(Department of Earth Science and Astronomy, The University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Wakaki Shigeyuki(JAMSTEC), Ishikawa Akira(Tokyo Institute of Technology), Shimoda Gen(産業操業技術研究所)

11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

[SGC46-03] Mn-Cr systematics of Juvinas revisited

*Katsuyuki Yamashita1, Atsushi Yamaguchi2, Katsuya Namiki2, Shigekazu Yoneda3 (1.Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, 2.Faculty of Science, Okayama University, 3.National Museum of Nature and Science)

Keywords:Chromium isotope, Age, Juvinas

Juvinas is one of the two eucrites which displays an old Mn-Cr age [1]. As this age places an important chronological constraint on the accumulation history of the HED parent body, we have revisited the Cr isotope systematics of Juvinas using the analytical technique of Yamakawa et al. [2], which allows determination of high precision Cr isotope ratios without using the second-order fractionation correction [1].

In this study, we prepared a whole rock (WR) powder from a fragment of Juvinas weighing approximately 250mg. This WR powder was also used to retrieve chromite (Chr) by gently dissolving the silicates (Sil) using HF-HNO3. In addition, we hand-picked eight fragments (FR) weighing >15mg from different parts of the Juvinas specimen for Cr isotope and EPMA analyses. All Cr isotope analysis were performed using the TRITON Plus at the National Museum of Nature and Science.

Our preliminary result shows that the ε54Cr values of the WR, Sil, Chr, and FRs agree within the analytical uncertainty, yielding an average ε54Cr value of -0.61 ± 0.09. This value is in good agreement with the value reported by Trinquier et al. [3]. The ε53Cr data, on the other hand, seem to be more complicated than result reported by Lugmair and Shukolyukov [1]. The ε53Cr values of the Chr-WR-Sil fractions are well correlated with the 55Mn/52Cr ratios, defining an isochron whose slope corresponds to a (53Mn/55Mn)0 of (1.2 ± 0.7) x 10-7. Using the U-Pb age and (53Mn/55Mn)0 of D'Orbigny as an anchor [4, 5], this translates to an absolute age of 4546 ± 4 Ma, an age significantly younger than that reported in [1]. The ε53Cr values of the WR and FRs from this study and Trinquier et al. [6], on the other hand, show a considerable scatter. While these data generally plot along a reference line whose slope corresponds a (53Mn/55Mn)0 of ~3 x 10-6, the scatter extends beyond the analytical uncertainty, implying that the Mn-Cr systematics of Juvinas may be partially disturbed. A careful re-investigation of the Mn-Cr systematics, together with mineralogical characterization of important Cr bearing phases, is required to unravel the crystallization/thermal history of this meteorite.

References: [1] Lugmair and Shukolyukov (1998), GCA, 62, 2863. [2] Yamakawa et al. (2009), Anal. Chem., 81, 9787. [3] Trinquier et al. (2007), ApJ, 655, 1179. [4] Brennecka et al. (2012) PNAS, 109, 9299. [5] Yamashita et al. (2016), Goldschmidt Conf. Abstr. #3538. [6] Trinquier et al. (2008), GCA, 72, 5146.