Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EJ] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-RD Resources, Mineral Deposit & Resource Exploration

[S-RD33] Resource Geology

Wed. May 23, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM A11 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Tsubasa Otake(Division of Sustainable Resources Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University), Daisuke Araoka(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Ryohei Takahashi(秋田大学大学院国際資源学研究科, 共同), Tatsuo Nozaki(Research and Development Center for Submarine Resources, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Chairperson:Takahashi Ryohei(Faculty of International Resource Sciences, Akita University), Araoka Daisuke

3:30 PM - 3:45 PM

[SRD33-11] A magnesium isotopic study of the evaporite deposits of the Messinian salinity crisis

*Toshihiro Yoshimura1, Daisuke Araoka2, Junichiro Kuroda3, Yuta Isaji3, Francisco J. Jiménez-Espejo1, Stefano Lugli4, Vinicio Manzi5, Marco Roveri5, Naohiko Ohkouchi1 (1.Department of Biogeochemistry, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2.Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 3.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, the University of Tokyo, 4.Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche e Geologiche, Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia, 5.Physics and Earth Science Department, University of Parma)

Keywords:Messinian salinity crisis, Evaporites, Magnesium isotope ratios

The Messinian salinity crisis (MSC) is a hydrological and biological crisis that occurred in the Mediterranean basin at the latest Miocene. The salt deposit reaches a maximum apparent thickness of ~3,000 m and are composed mainly of gypsum/anhydrite and halite. From a natural resources perspective, the MSC evaporates are important for such as potash salts and hydrocarbons resources. A large amount of the MSC salts originates from the evaporative concentration of seawater flowing in through the Strait of Atlantic gateway. The Mediterranean Basins have experienced repeated refilling of seawater and freshwater with different hydrological scenarios between western and eastern basins and between marginal and centers of basins. The Mg isotope ratios in seawater are homogeneous because of its long mean residence time (>107 years) in the modern ocean. As evaporation proceeds, soluble potash salts start to accumulate in highly restricted depositional settings. Because Mg isotope fractionation is mainly related to low temperature processes at the surface environments, our aim is to use magnesium isotope ratios (δ26Mg) of the Messinian evaporites to constrain evaporative concentration histories and the hydrochemical processes during the MSC. The δ26Mg values of the MSC evaporates ranged from -3.18‰ to -1.22‰, which is highly varied and significantly lower than the value of modern seawater. Elucidation of the basin hydrochemistry from Mg isotopes is a new potential indicator of an extent of evaporative concentration events and dissolution/recycling of coeval marginal marine deposits.