[SVC41-P10] Temporary seismic observation at Kusatsu-Shirane volcano, Japan
Keywords:Phreatic eruption, Kusatsu-Shirane volcano, Eruption on 23 January 2018
In the temporary seismic observation, to improve azimuthal coverage of the observation network, we deployed three stations mainly in the southern part of Kusatsu-Shirane volcano. We installed a Nanometrics Trillium Compact miniature broadband seismometer (eigen period of 120 s) at each station, and record the data at a sampling rate of 100 Hz using Keisokugiken HKS-9700 data logger which equipped with a telemetry module. The observed data at each station are also sent to a single-board computer Raspberry Pi and are continuously transmitted to Tohoku University through VPN connection on a mobile phone network. Then, the data are transmitted to the Volcanic Fluid Research Center, Tokyo Institute of Technology in Kusatsu, and the data of the temporary stations, together with those of the permanent stations, are processed and stored in the processing system at the research center. The data of the temporary stations are also transmitted to JMA in a real-time, and used for the monitoring of the volcanic activities.
The data of the temporary observation enables us to study the volcano seismic activities around Kusatsu-Shirane volcano in more detail. In contrast to the relatively low seismicity before the eruption on 23 January 2018 which is characterized with small number of A-type earthquakes, our data shows much intense seismicity and wide variety of volcanic earthquakes including B-type and Hybrid-type events. As previously pointed out by Mori et al. (2006), the epicenters of these earthquakes are concentrated in two regions: one is around Yugama and the other is the northern part of Motoshirane. In addition to the events with clear onset and good S/N ratio, we also detected a lot of small earthquakes in observed data. Further analysis using correlation-based methods like the Matched Filter method may reveal the detail of seismic activities around the Kusatsu-Shirane volcano, and provide a key to understand the volcanic activities beneath Motoshirane pyroclastic cones.