[SVC41-P45] Vertical ground deformation in Sakurajima volcano measured by precise leveling survey (during Nov. 2016 - Nov. 2017)
Keywords:Sakurajima volcano, precise leveling survey, vertical ground deformation
From the measured data, we calculated the relative height of each benchmark referred to the reference benchmark BM.S.17 which is located at the western coast of Sakurajima. The calculated relative heights of the benchmarks were then compared with those of the previous survey conducted in November 2016 (Yamamoto et al., 2017), resulting in the relative vertical displacements of the benchmarks during the period from November 2016 to November 2017.
The resultant displacements indicate the ground uplift (4.5 mm at maximum) at benchmarks around the northern part of Sakurajima. On the other hand, the minor ground subsidence is detected around the central part of Sakurajima. From the preliminary analysis based on Mogi’s model, the inflation and deflation sources are located beneath the center of Aira caldera and beneath Minamidake, respectively. The results indicate that the magma storage at the magma reservoir beneath Aira caldera is still progressing, while the pressure decrease is suggested at the magma reservoir beneath Minamidake caused by magma ejection.