Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

B (Biogeosciences ) » B-BC Biogeochemistry

[B-BC03] Interrelation between Life, Water, Mineral, and Atmosphere

Tue. May 28, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 201A (2F)

convener:Takeshi Kakegawa(Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Tadashi Yokoyama(Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Hiroshima University), Keisuke Fukushi(Institute of Nature & Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University), Fumito Shiraishi(Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University), Chairperson:Takeshi Kakegawa, Fumito Shiraishi(Hiroshima Univ.)

4:30 PM - 4:45 PM

[BBC03-11] Superhabitability in ultradeep rocky environments

*Yohey Suzuki1 (1.Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:deep biosphere, nanobiogeoscience, microbial ecology

It is challenging for life to proliferate in cold rocky habitats deeply isolated from photosynthetic organic matter. Although fluid circulation is previously considered to be necessary for supplying energy sources and oxidants, it is also considered that substrates available within the rocky environment are diluted by fluid circulation. As the abundance of microbial life within the rock matrix is largely unknown, I developed nanoscale analytical procedures to unveil the distributions of microbial cells, organic matters and low-temperature minerals. As a result of applying the analytical procedures to various deep-sea and subsurface rocky environments such as deep-sea hydrothermal vents, deep-sea ferromanganese crusts and deep subseafloor basaltic rocks, it is unexpectedly unveiled that the rocky habitats are superhabitalble with cell densities locally exceeding 1010cells/cm3. The superhabitablity might be explained by the coexistence of solid silicate phases such smectite clays that play roles in concentrating nutrients from the ambient fluid.In this presentation, I will introduce the analytical procedures and main results obtained from the ultradeep rocky habitats.