[MIS25-P03] Simple sensitivity analysis using weekly ensemble forecasts during the heavy rain event in July 2017
Keywords:sensitivity analysis, weekly ensemble forecasts, heavy rain event in July 2017
The method used here was the ensemble singular-vector sensitivity analysis proposed by Enomoto et al. (2015), based on ensemble forecast data. This technique assumes that initial perturbations growing optimally in a verification domain at a given forecast time can be expressed in a linear combination of the ensemble initial perturbations. They can identify a particular set of coefficients that maximizes a “norm” of forecast perturbations within the verification domain, by solving an eigenvalue problem under the constraint that the norm of the initial perturbations equals unity. The norm was here defined in terms of dry total energy.
For 72-hour forecasts around Japan from the end of June to the beginning of July, sensitivity of their initial conditions was large south of Japan, around Mongol and East Siberia. These signals was able to be traced back to areas west of the Ural Mountains four or five days before the forecast time, and the sensitivity around Caspian Sea was especially large. This is consistent with the Silk Road pattern. The sensitivity signal was able to be tracked back to West Europe, but was no longer clear over the Atlantic Ocean.