Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG48] Science of slow earthquakes: Toward unified understandings of whole earthquake process

Wed. May 29, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Satoshi Ide(Department of Earth an Planetary Science, University of Tokyo), Hitoshi Hirose(Research Center for Urban Safety and Security, Kobe University), Kohtaro Ujiie(Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba), Takahiro Hatano(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo)

[SCG48-P14] Spatial distribution of the electrical resistivity beneath western part of Shikoku Island where long-term SSE events have repeatedly occurred

*Makoto Uyeshima1, Maki Hata1, Hiroshi Ichihara2, Ryokei Yoshimura3, Koki Aizawa4 (1.Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 2.Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, 3.Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, 4.Institute of Seismology and Volcanology, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University)

Keywords:slow slip event beneath the Bungo Channel, 3-D resistivity structure, Network-MT observation

In the Bungo channel area at the western margin of the Nankai megathrust rupture zones, the long-term slow slip events (SSE) repeatedly occurred about every 6 or 7 years. Since the last large-scale SSE event occurred in 2010, we will have a next large event soon. In order to obtain the electrical resistivity structure in the vicinity of the SSE area and examine its temporal change, we have started the Network-MT survey in the western part of the Shikoku Island facing the Bungo channel since April, 2016. Just before beginning of the observation, a tiny-scale SSE event occurred in the Bungo-channel (Ozawa, 2017, Hirose et al., 2018). We selected 17 areas in the western part of the Shikoku Island and installed 3 or 4 electrodes in the respective areas. The electrical potential differences with typical electrode spacing of several km are measured by using metallic telephone line network. We also measure the geomagnetic field at two stations in the target region. With the aid of the BIRRP code (Chave and Thomson, 2004), we could estimate the frequency-domain Network-MT response functions of good quality between the voltage difference and the magnetic field. The Network-MT response functions were directly inverted to estimate the 3-D resistivity structure in this area with the aid of the DASOCC Network-MT 3-D inversion code (Siripunvaraporn, Uyeshima & Egbert, 2004).

Conductive portions are commonly detected in the mid-crust of the target region. Their roots are just on the upper surface of the subducting Philippine Sea slab. This may suggest dehydration there. Among the spatial distribution of resistivity, that of seismic P-wave attenuation (Kita and Matsubara, 2016), and that of SSE slips (e.g. Ozawa et al., 2013, Yoshioka et al., 2015, Hirose et al., 2018), some mutually related features are detected. Low Qp (high attenuation) areas tend to correspond to highly conductive areas. The low Qp and highly conductive area are detected just above the subducting slab and outside of the SSE area. Inside the SSE area, while Qp takes generally high values, a patchy conductive area is detected in overall resistive background structure.

This study is supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grand Number JP16H06475 in Scientific Research on Innovative Areas "Science of Slow Earthquakes". It is also partly supported by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan, under its Earthquake and Volcano Hazards Observation and Research Program. We acknowledge staffs of the Nippon Telegraph and Telephone WEST Corporation for their cordial support in the survey. We also thank H. Abe, A. Takeuchi and Y. Suwa for their help in preparing and installing instruments.