Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG48] Science of slow earthquakes: Toward unified understandings of whole earthquake process

Wed. May 29, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Satoshi Ide(Department of Earth an Planetary Science, University of Tokyo), Hitoshi Hirose(Research Center for Urban Safety and Security, Kobe University), Kohtaro Ujiie(Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba), Takahiro Hatano(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo)

[SCG48-P31] Evidence for semi-brittle flow in mantle-wedge serpentinites under high pore fluid pressure and their implications for deep low frequency earthquakes

Kengo Kataoka1, Yurina Nagata1, *Ken-ichi Hirauchi1, Ryosuke Oyanagi2, Atsushi Okamoto3, Katsuyoshi Michibayashi4 (1.Department of Geosciences, Faculty of Science, Shizuoka University, 2.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 3.Graduate School of Environmental studies, Tohoku University, 4.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Nagoya University)

Keywords:slow earthquakes, low frequency earthquake, mantle wedge, serpentinite

In southwest Japan, deep low frequency earthquakes occur at the base of the shallow serpentinized mantle wedge. In order to understand deformation styles of the mantle wedge serpentinite, we conducted structural and petrological analysis of a paleo-mantle wedge body that has experienced serpentinization at pressure–temperature conditions corresponding to source areas of low-frequency earthquakes, in the Sanbagawa belt, central Shikoku. The serpentinite body has a block-in-matrix structure that result from pervasive fragmentation. At outcrop and thin section scales, the distribution of blocks follows a power law distribution with exponent 2.32 < D < 2.37 (2-D). The block has experienced complete serpentinization, characterized by randomly-oriented antigorite aggregates. The matrix also consists of antigorite, which was formed due to dissolution–precipitation process of the block in the presence of H2O. Antigorite aggregates in the matrix along localized shear planes is characterized by a strong crystallographic preferred orientation with a dominant [010](001) slip system, suggesting dislocation glide on (001) planes. We suggest that deep slow earthquakes occur by semi-plastic deformation of the serpentinized mantle wedge, under low effective normal stresses.