Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG48] Science of slow earthquakes: Toward unified understandings of whole earthquake process

Wed. May 29, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Satoshi Ide(Department of Earth an Planetary Science, University of Tokyo), Hitoshi Hirose(Research Center for Urban Safety and Security, Kobe University), Kohtaro Ujiie(Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba), Takahiro Hatano(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo)

[SCG48-P43] Spatiotemporal variation of released seismic energy from shallow low-frequency tremor in Hyuga-nada, revealed by ocean bottom seismological observation

*Yusuke Yamashita1, Saki Watanabe2, Tomoaki Yamada3, Masanao Shinohara3, Takeshi Matsushima2 (1.Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, 2.Institute of Seismology and Volcanology, Kyushu University, 3.Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Shallow low frequency tremor, Shallow slow earthquake, Ocean bottom seismological observation

In this study, we estimate the released seismic energy by shallow low-frequency tremors (shallow tremors) and clarify spatiotemporal variation of shallow tremor activity in Hyuga-nada, east off Kyushu. We used the data obtained from the temporal ocean bottom seismological observation for 3 months in 2013 [Yamashita et al., 2015] and long-term ocean bottom seismological observation from 2014 to 2017. The source location and released seismic energy of each shallow tremor was simultaneously estimated by Hybrid Envelope Cross-correlation Method [Maeda and Obara, 2009]. Observation data were obtained by the long-term continuous ocean bottom seismic observation in Hyuga-nada from 2013 to 2017. Site amplification factors were estimated by the coda normalization method [e.g., Sato and Fehler, 1998].

Spatial distribution of released seismic energy rate (energy rate) shows a heterogeneity although the average value of that is generally 104 J/s. The regions where the energy rate is relatively small are roughly coincident with the subducting or passed areas of the Kyushu-Palau Ridge. This result suggests that the structure and/or shape of the subducting plate such as seamounts or ridges may have an effect on the frictional property of the shallow plate interface. The 2013 activity was similar characteristics of shallow tremor location in space and time as the previous study, including two migrations episode. In addition, the characteristics of the released seismic energy were revealed as follows: (1) the energy rate was large at the both initiation point and the front of the migration, (2) the total released energy amount of the first migration was larger than that of the second migration, (3) both migrations were stopped at the region of small amount of released energy. Migration episode occurred while the 2015 activity and similar characteristics were documented.

Migration speed of shallow tremor is a few times faster, and energy rate of that is one or two orders of magnitude greater than the deep tremor. Applying the model of Ando et al. [2010, 2012] and Yabe and Ide [2014] to the result in this study, the average fault strength of shallow tremor is stronger than that of deep tremor, which leads up to a faster fault slip both brittle and ductile area. As a result, migration speed may become to be faster than deep tremor.

Acknowledgements: This study is supported by the research project for compound disaster mitigation on the great earthquakes and tsunami around the Nankai trough region, the MEXT of Japan, and JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP16H06471, JP16H06472. We thank Dr. Takuto Maeda for valuable discussions and comments. The observation data in 2013 obtained by T/S Nagasaki-maru. We used the JMA unified earthquake catalog and the seismic data obtained by Kagoshima University.