Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS02] Drilling Earth Science

Mon. May 27, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A07 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Yasuhiro Yamada(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), R&D Center for Ocean Drilling Science (ODS)), Yumiko Harigane(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)), Azumi Kuroyanagi(Tohoku University Museum, The Center for Academic Resources and Archives, Tohoku University), Kosei E. Yamaguchi(Toho University and NASA Astrobiology Institute), Chairperson:Kosei Yamaguchi(Toho University), Yasuhiro Yamada(JAMSTEC)

11:00 AM - 11:15 AM

[MIS02-08] ICDP DSeis 1: Introduction into JpGU 2019 papers on Drilling into Seismogenic zones of M2.0-5.5 earthquakes in South African gold mines

*Hiroshi Ogasawara1, Bennie Liebenberg2, Martin Ziegler3, Yasuo Yabe4, Ray Durrheim5, Musa Manzi5, Tullis C Onstott6, Thomas Weirsberg7 (1.Faculty of Science and Engineering, Ritsumeikan University, 2.Moab Khotsong mine, South Africa, 3.ETH, Zurich Dep. Earth Sciences, 4.Graduate School of Science, Tohoku Univ., 5.Univ. Witwatersrand, School of Geoscience, South Africa, 6.Princeton Univ., Dept. Geoscience, USA, 7.GFZ, Potzdam, Germany)

Keywords:ICDP DSeis, Seismogenic zone drilling, South African gold mines

The 2014-2019 ICDP Science plan states: “reaching the depths of the seismogenic zone where earthquakes nucleate has always been a challenge for fault-zone drilling projects” (Mori and Ellsworth, 2013). However, during 2016-2018, we could recover cores with a total length of about 1.6 km from seismogenic zones ahead of mining faces, M3.5 and M5.5 earthquakes by drilling collared from depths of 1.0 to 3.3 km below surface in deep South African gold mines. The drilling targets had been already elucidated by tens of near-field seismic sensors. Talc, biotite, and amorphous were found at the M5.5 fault intersection (Kaneki et al. SSJ 2018).

The reliable measurement of the magnitude and orientation of stress at depth is a significant challenge (Brodsky et al., 2009). However, we overcame the difficulty. We intersected hypersaline water where geomicrobiologists started water and gas monitoring.

This paper reviews the scientific drilling and associated activities and briefly introduces the other reports (ICDP DSeis 2-10) presented in JpGU 2019 as shown below:

Hirono et al. (ICDP DSeis 2) ICDP DSeis 2: Preliminary results of physical property measurement

and XRD analysis of the M5.5 fault material recovered from DSeis Project,

Yabe et al. (ICDP DSeis 3) on the spatial variation of stress in the seismogenic zones,

Yoshida et al. (poster; ICDP DSeis 4): drilling, core logging, and in-hole geophysical logging of ICDP DSeis drilling into the M5.5 aftershock zones in a South African gold mines.

Sugimura et al. (poster) ICDP DSeis 5: Diametrical Core Deformation Analysis of the M5.5 aftershock zone core - stress concentration at reflective intrusives and transition in stress regimes.

Kanematsu et al (poster) ICDP DSeis 6: Deformation Rate Analysis of the M5.5 aftershock zone core - stress concentration at reflective intrusives.
Higashi et al. (poster) ICDP DSeis 7: compilation of stress information and comparison with calculated stresses in the M5.5 aftershock zones,

Noda et al. (poster) ICDP DSeis 8: the M5.5 fault structure and reflective intrusives in legacy 3D seismic reflection data

Tadokoro et al. (poster) ICDP DSeis 9: streaks in the M5.5 aftershocks potentially located on highly stressed intrusive

Mori et al. ICDP DSeis 10: Near-field Observations for the M5.5 Orkney, South Africa Earthquake

Acknowledgement: The DSeis team includes co-authors of the papers ICDP DSeis 2-9 and members shown at https://www.icdp-online.org/projects/world/africa/orkney-s-africa/details/. We thank Harmony Gold, Anglogold Ashanthi, Lesedi, Digital Surveying, OHMS, Seismogen, 3D Geoscience. ICDP, JSPS, SA NRF, MEXT Japan, US NSF, German DRF, and Ritsumeikan Univ. financially support the project.