Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS02] Drilling Earth Science

Mon. May 27, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A07 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Yasuhiro Yamada(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), R&D Center for Ocean Drilling Science (ODS)), Yumiko Harigane(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)), Azumi Kuroyanagi(Tohoku University Museum, The Center for Academic Resources and Archives, Tohoku University), Kosei E. Yamaguchi(Toho University and NASA Astrobiology Institute), Chairperson:Kosei Yamaguchi(Toho University), Yasuhiro Yamada(JAMSTEC)

11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

[MIS02-09] ICDP DSeis 2: Preliminary results of physical property measurement and XRD analysis of the M5.5 fault material recovered from DSeis Project

*Tetsuro Hirono1, Yuki Yukoyama1, Shunya Kaneki2, Hiroshi Ogasawara3, Yasuo Yabe4, Takuya Matsuzaki5, Yuhji Yamamoto5, Hidekazu Tokuyama5, Tullis C. Onstott6, Martin Ziegler7, Durrheim Ray8, Esterhuizen van Heerden9, Bennie Liebenberg9, The ICDP DSeis team (1.Department of Earth and Space Science, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, 2.Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, 3.Ritsumeikan University, 4.Tohoku University, 5.Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University, 6.Princeton University, 7.ETH Zurich, 8.Witwatersrand University, 9.Moab Khotsong mine)

Keywords:Deep fault drilling, ICDP

Drilling into seismogenic zones of M2.0-M5.5 earthquakes in deep South Africa gold mines (DSeis Project) was undertaken in 2017–2018 near Orkney, South Africa, to understand principal mechanism of earthquakes nucleate and propagate. Drilling at two main holes, Hole A (817 m) and Hole B (700 m), was completed at the Moab Khotsong mine, and the latter hole penetrated the fault zone that slipped at the 2014 M5.5 earthquake. Fault-related material and its surrounding host rocks were successfully recovered from the hole, and the samples were analyzed in the Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University, Japan. The main damaged zone is characterized by highly fragmented fault breccia with high amount of talc and amorphous material, which is likely to related to recent earthquake event. Nondestructive continuous measurements of physical properties (X-ray CT image, density, magnetic susceptibility, and natural gamma ray) are in progress. We will show the preliminary results about the characteristics of the M5.5 fault zone and its implication for generation of the M5.5 earthquake.