Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS02] Drilling Earth Science

Mon. May 27, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A07 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Yasuhiro Yamada(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), R&D Center for Ocean Drilling Science (ODS)), Yumiko Harigane(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)), Azumi Kuroyanagi(Tohoku University Museum, The Center for Academic Resources and Archives, Tohoku University), Kosei E. Yamaguchi(Toho University and NASA Astrobiology Institute), Chairperson:Kosei Yamaguchi(Toho University), Yasuhiro Yamada(JAMSTEC)

11:30 AM - 11:45 AM

[MIS02-10] ICDP DSeis 3: Spatial variation in stress state in the source region of Orkeny earthqauke (M5.5) based on analyses of the ICDP-DSeis borehole cores

*Yasuo Yabe1, Akimasa Ishida2, Kosuke Sugimura2, Kanematsu Makoto2, Mitsuya Higashi2, Shunsuke YOSHIDA2, Bennie Liebenberg7, Takatoshi Ito3, Akio Funato5, Bryan Watson6, Raymond Durrheim4, Hiroshi Ogasawara2 (1.Research Center for Prediction of Earthquakes and Volcanic Eruptions, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 2.Faculty of Science and Engeneer, Ritsumeikan University, 3.Institute of Fluid Science, Tohoku University, 4.School of Geoscience, University of the Witwatersrand, 5.Fukada Geological Institute, 6.School of Mining Engeneering, University of the Witwatersrand, 7.Moab Khotsong mine)

Keywords:ICDP-DSeis, Stress measurement, DRA, DCDA, Deep mines in South Africa

The Orkney earthquake (M5.5), South Africa, occurred on 5 August 2014 beneath a deep gold mine, of which the deepest mining horizon is ~3 km depth from ground surface. Hypocenter of the Orkney earthquake and the shallowest aftershocks were located at ~5 km and ~3.5 km depths from ground surface. Therefore, the ICDP-DSeis project was devised to investigate the geological, geomechanical and geochemical environments in and around the source region of the Orkney earthquake. Two 800 m-long boreholes (Holes A and B) were drilled from a drilling site established on a tunnel at a depth of 2.8 km in the mine. While Hole A reached the seismogenic depth, it did not intersect the aftershock cluster. Hole B success fully penetrated to the aftershock cluster. Borehole cores were almost fully recovered from these holes, though they were not oriented during drilling. Therefore, the core orientation was determined by comparing in-hole optical images and unrolled core images in this study. Then, Diametrical Core Deformation Analysis (DCDA, Funato and Ito, 2017) and Deformation Rate Analysis (DRA, Yamamoto et al., 1990) were applied to borehole cores to evaluate a spatial variation in stress state in and around the aftershock cluster. Finally, a numerical elastic model in which the depth variations along Hole A and B were reproduced was developed to understand a spatial distribution of stress state in and around the aftershock cluster that extended along upper extension of the source fault of the Orkney earthquake.

Acknowledgement. This study was supported by ICDP, JSPS-NRF bilateral research project, JSPS Core-to-Core program, Ritsumeikan University and the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan, under its Earthquake and Volcano Hazards Observation and Research Program. The authors thank Harmony Gold Ltd. for kindly providing an opportunity of drilling from Moab Khotsong mine.