Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS21] Gas hydrate in environmental-resource sciences

Tue. May 28, 2019 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A02 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Hitoshi Tomaru(Department of Earth Sciences, Chiba University), Akihiro Hachikubo(Kitami Institute of Technology), Atsushi Tani(Graduate School of Human Development and Environment, Kobe University), Shusaku Goto(Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Chairperson:八久保 晶弘(北見工業大学), 戸丸 仁

2:15 PM - 2:30 PM

[MIS21-08] Slope failures induced by methane hydrate dissociation: a case of submarine slide in the southwestern Oki Trough, Japan Sea

*Naoto Ishida1, Shota Morihita2, Takao Ebinuma1, Hitoshi Tomaru3, Ryo Matsumoto4 (1.Social Systems and Civil Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Tottori University, 2.Department of Social Systems and Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Tottori University, 3.Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, Chiba University, 4.Gas Hydrate Research Laboratory, Organization for the Strategic Coordination of Research and Intellectual Properties, Meiji University )

Keywords:base of gas hydrate stability, submarine slide, shallow-type methane hydrate, Oki Trough, Japan Sea

A huge submarine slide in the Oki Trough, Japan Sea, was examined from the viewpoint of methane hydrate dissociation due to BGHS (Base of Gas Hydrate Stability) fluctuation. The submarine slide, which occurred 34 ka, is located in the southwestern slope of the Oki Trough having a 1.6 degrees slant. Geothermal gradients were measured at the 700 m and 1000 m water depths by the side of the slide as 83.13 mK/m and 99.42 mK/m, respectively. Based on our simulation, the BGHS was situated just below the landslide masses at the time of the slope failure. The response of BGHS to the external factors, e.g. sea-level change, sedimentation, etc., is prominently involved in methane hydrate disassociation, which makes the submarine ground unstable. Relation between the slope failure and the methane hydrate disassociation is strongly suggested in the study case.

Unpublished data by surveys conducted under the commission from AIST as a part of the methane hydrate research project funded by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Japan was used in this study.