Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM13] Inner magnetosphere: Recent understanding and new insights

Wed. May 29, 2019 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A04 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Yusuke Ebihara(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Danny Summers(Memorial University of Newfoundland), Yoshizumi Miyoshi(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Shinji Saito(Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University), Chairperson:Shinji Saito(ISEE, Nagoya University), Yusuke Ebihara(RISH, Kyoto University)

10:00 AM - 10:15 AM

[PEM13-15] Generation Mechanism of Non-thermal Continuum Radiation

*Yoshiharu Omura1, Miroslav Horky1,2 (1.Reserach Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, 2.Department of Space Physics, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Czech Academy of Sciences)

Keywords:wave-particle interaction, nonlinear process, plasma_pause

We study a possible nonlinear mechanism which could be responsible for generation of the non-thermal continuum radiation. We propose a theoretical model and perform numerical simulations using a 2-D electromagnetic particle code (KEMPO2) [1] to verify the mechanism [2]. In the simulation system, we have density gradient and ring beam electrons in the dense region as a source of electrostatic waves through ring-beam instability. These electrostatic waves cause non-gyrotropy of the ring velocity distribution which is necessary for generation of the harmonic waves. Velocity component Vy together with magnetic field Bz of the generated Z-mode waves creates Lorentz force in the x-direction (along the magnetic field). Hence, oscillating energetic electrons work as an anntenna emiting O-mode waves to the low density region. Electromagnetic O-mode waves are emitted at harmonics of the cyclotron frequency up to the maximal plasma frequency of the high density region, and they are observed as non-thermal continuum radiation in the low density region.

[1] M. Horky, Y. Omura, and O. Santolik, Particle simulation of electromagnetic emissions from electrostatic instability driven by an electron ring beam on the density gradient, Physics of Plasmas 25, 042905, doi: 10.1063/1.5025912, 2018.
[2] M. Horky, and Y. Omura, Novel nonlinear mechanism of the generation of non-thermal continuum radiation, Physics of Plasmas 26, 2019.