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[SCG55-03] Postseismic streamflow changes after the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake
Keywords:Kumamoto earthquake, Streamflow, Permeability, Strong ground motion
The 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake, which occurred mainly in Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan in April 2016, caused severe damages in and around Kumamoto Prefecture. It also caused many changes in stream water and groundwater (Ichiyanagi and Ando, 2017; Sato et al., 2017). The region of strong ground motion of the main shock spreads from the coastal plain to the Aso caldera.
We analyzed the data of streamflow at fourteen flow rate observation stations of three major rivers in Kumamoto prefecture during the period from 1990s to 2017. After the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake, streamflow was increased at four of the fourteen observation stations, where the rivers flow from the Aso caldera or the foot of Mt.Aso. However the streamflow was not increased just after the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake. It was increased 2 months after the Kumamoto earthquake, when a heavy rainfall occurred. In addition it is found that (flood frow rate/precipitation amount) ratio tends to be increased when the precipitation amount is large after the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake. This can be explained not by permeability enhancement but by decrease of the soil moisture retention capacity. In and around the region of the strong ground motion of the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake there were many mudslides and landslides, which could reduce the soil moisture retention capacity. The earthquake-related decrease of the soil moisture retention capacity could have caused the streamflow increase in and around the region of the strong ground motion of the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake.