Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

U (Union ) » Union

[U-05] Large-scale Research Projects: Master Plan 2020 and its beyond

Mon. May 27, 2019 9:30 AM - 10:30 AM 101 (1F)

convener:Eiichi Tajika(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Shigeko Haruyama(Department of Environmental Science, Graduate School of Bioresouces,Mie University), Ryoichi Fujii(Research Organization of Information and Systems), Hodaka Kawahata(Atmosphere Ocean Research Institute, the University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Eiichi Tajika, Shigeko Haruyama

10:08 AM - 10:30 AM

[U05-02] Study of coupling processes in the solar-terrestrial system

★Invited Papers

*Mamoru Yamamoto1, Hiroyuki Hashiguchi1, Tatsuhiro Yokoyama1, Hiroshi Miyaoka2, Yasunobu Ogawa2, Kazuo Shiokawa3, Satonori Nozawa3, Akimasa Yoshikawa4, Toshitaka Tsuda5,1 (1.Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, 2.National Institute of Polar Research, 3.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Laboratory, Nagoya University, 4.International Center for Space Weather Science and Education, Kyushu University, 5.Research Organization of Information and Systems)

Keywords:Equatorial MU Radar, EISCAT_3D Radar, International Observation Network, IUGONET

Energy from the sun is divided into radiation and solar wind (high-speed particles), which are maximum at the equatorial and polar regions, respectively. We study the flow of the energy and materials in the whole atmosphere by establishing following two large atmospheric radars at these singular points, and global observation network.
(1) Equatorial fountain
The energy and material flows that occur in all height regions of the equatorial atmosphere are named as "Equatorial Fountain." These processes from the bottom also cause various effects in the upper atmosphere. We establish Equatorial MU Rdar (EMU radar) in Indonesia as main instrument for the studies.
(2) Energy inputs into polar upper atmosphere and its response
The energy/particle inflow results in auroral Joule heating and ion drag of the atmosphere. The ion outflow from the polar ionosphere controls ambient plasma constituents in the magnetosphere. We will contribute the international EISCAT_3D radar project that has started in northern Scandinavia since 2017.
(3) Global network of observation and data
We develop a global observation network of compact radio and optical remote sensing equipment from the equator to polar region. Data from the observations will be archived and utilized by the data exchange framework of IUGONET.

This project was selected as one of important projects in both Masterplan 2014 and 2017. It was also selected as a new project in the roadmap 2014 by the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. We continue proposing the project to Masterplan 2020.