JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS17] Climate variability and predictability on subseasonal to decadal timescales

convener:Takashi Mochizuki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyushu University), V Ramaswamy(NOAA GFDL), Yushi Morioka(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

[AOS17-05] Thermodynamic coupled modes in the tropical atmosphere-ocean

*Faming Wang1 (1.Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Oceanology)

Keywords:Subtropical Dipole Mode, Tropical Meridional Mode, Ocean-Atmosphere Coupling

A set of thermodynamic coupled modes is derived from a simple linear atmosphere model coupled to a slab ocean model through the wind-evaporation-SST (WES) feedback. For pure easterly mean winds, the zeroth mode is a series of meridional SST dipoles in the tropics, antisymmetric about the equator and moving westward; the first mode is a series of zonal SST dipoles in the subtropics, symmetric about the equator and moving eastward. The meridional component of the mean winds will break such an equatorial symmetry and enable the coupled modes to intensify in the Southern Hemisphere for southerlies and the Northern Hemisphere for northerlies. Despite the existence of positive WES feedbacks, these thermodynamic coupled modes are largely damped oscillation with periods in years. These findings are further tested with an aqua-planet model and assessed with the reanalysis data.