JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

B (Biogeosciences ) » B-PT Paleontology

[B-PT04] Biomineralization and Geochemistry of Proxies

convener:Takashi Toyofuku(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Jelle Bijma(Alfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung), Hiroshi Kitazato(Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology (TUMSAT)), Kotaro Hirose(Faculty of Science and Engineering, Waseda University)

[BPT04-P06] The cell dynamics of sexual reproduction in foraminifera Spirillina vivipara

*Yukiko Nagai1,2, Remi Tsubaki3, Nanami Kishigami2, Takashi Toyofuku2,4 (1.National Museum of Nature and Science of Tokyo, 2.Japan Agency for Marine-earth Science and Technology , 3.The University Museum, The University of Tokyo, 4.Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology)

Keywords:Foraminifera, Culture biology, Cell biology, Imaging

Foraminifera performs both asexual and sexual reproduction. In asexual reproduction, it has been reported that the cytoplasm of one foraminifer into 10 to more than 1000 individuals and proliferates. However, foraminifera proliferated many cases by only asexual reproduction in culture experiments. Therefore, information about sexual reproduction is limited. In sexual reproduction, many foraminifers form zoospores and release them to the outside. It has been reported that the released zoospores cross each other and become new individuals. In other benthic foraminifera, there are known species in which 2 to 3 foraminiferal cells are mixed and sexually reproduced.
In this study, we observed cell dynamics of sexual reproduction in the foraminifer Spirillina vivipara. This species grows a tubular spirally shell with cytoplasmic growth. It is known that S. vivipara grows rapidly and changes generation rapidly enough to divide from the mother cell and become reproductive in a few days (Myers, 1936). In our observations, it was observed that the generation changes while repeating asexual reproduction and sexual reproduction in about 5 to 14 days, so in this study, we described cell dynamics of the sexual reproduction of S. vivipara in detail.