Keywords:Open science, Social engagement, Ethical equity, Trust building
This paper discusses how open science can serve for addressing social issues, particularly for those caused by environmental deterioration. To address wicked social-ecological problems, solution-oriented research has involved research experts from different domains (interdisciplinarity) and also practitioners such as governments, funders, industries, non-profit organizations, and civil members (transdisciplinarity). However, such team science is often disrupted by asymmetric information, knowledge, wisdom, value, socio-economic status, and power among above-mentioned actors. Such socio-psychological asymmetry is possibly reduced by boundary spanning with special attention to the following five key elements: (1) considering ethical equity with special attention to empowering marginalized (or “small voice”) actors; (2) developing visualization of data based on the FAIR (findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable) Principles as well as information; (3) building trust by securing transparency in the research process; (4) facilitating dialogue; and (5) discovering and sharing the goals that actors with different interests can tackle together (transcend) where necessary. Civic Tech can be applied as a holistic approach, in which civic engineers develop a solution to local issues by using disclosed data and information and communication technologies. This proposed methodology is cyclically assessed and improved through practical case studies, with special interest in developing a method to measure participants’ perceptual transformation through interventions.