[MIS08-06] Climate conditions of the past 200 years recorded in a tufa from Tokunoshima, Kagoshima Prefecture
Keywords:tufa, climate conditions, paleoclimate
The cascade tufa exhibits irregular growth surfaces, and analyses for the clear annual lamination indicates a growth rate of 2.35 mm/year. Applying this rate, the 49.2 cm long specimen corresponds to 209 years. While counting of densely-calcified summer bands evaluates the depositional period 187 years. Comparing isotopic records of the tufa from other sites, the Obaru beach tufa has a relatively high δ18O due to the high value of rainwater, and has very high δ13C reflected from the cultivation of sugar cane.
Our analyses provide some insights into the potential of the tufa record. First, decreasing trend of δ13C since the 1960’s is the Suess Effect by combustion of fossil fuels. While high δ13C extended back to the bottom of the sample indicates that sugar cane cultivation has sustained from the 1840’s. δ18O values can be correlated to rainfall amount rather than air temperature. This relation infers amount of rainfall for the period before meteorological observation; low rainfall in 1840-1870 and high rainfall in 1870-1890. In addition, a conglomeratic texture in the 1960’s most likely corresponds to a tsunami by Chile Earthquake in 1960. This study presents the longest climatic record from the modern tufa. Finding more appropriate samples will further improve the length and resolution of the tufa records.
Andrews, J. E. (2005). Palaeoclimatic records from stable isotopes in riverine tufas: Synthesis and review. Earth-Science Reviews, 75(1-4), 85-104.