[MIS08-11] Carbon, oxygen and neodymium isotope characterization of recent benthic foraminifers around Okinawa-jima, southwestern Japan.
Keywords:Neodymium, Oxygen stable isotopes, Carbon stable isotopes, Kuroshio current, Benthic Foraminifera
There are limited geochemical studies on Neodymium (Nd) isotope composition around the Okinawa Trough although it is useful to detect water-mass variations and movement. We plan to delineate late Cenozoic paleoceanographic evolution of the KC in the Ryukyu Islands based on Nd isotopes of sediments and benthic foraminifers. This work was performed as the first step to this purpose and aimed to present detailed information on the carbon and oxygen isotope composition of the deep-water benthic foraminifers, Cibicidoides wuellerstorfi and Hoeglundina elegans and Nd isotope composition of mixed benthic foraminifers. Three water masses were identified based on our data: Kuroshio Surface Water (0-200m), Kuroshio Tropical Water (200-600m) and Kuroshio Intermediate Water (below 600m). The composition of the surface water is determined by mixing of the KC water and waters from Taiwanese and Chinese rivers. Subsurface water composition is controlled by the vertical mixing between the surface water and the intermediate water. The intermediate water is a mixture of the North Pacific Intermediate Water and South China Sea Intermediate Water.