JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS08] Paleoclimatology and paleoceanography

convener:Yusuke Okazaki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University), Benoit Thibodeau(University of Hong Kong), Akitomo Yamamoto(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and TechnologyAtmosphere and Ocean Research Institute), Hitoshi Hasegawa(Faculty of Science and Technology, Kochi University)

[MIS08-P04] Study on productivity feedback during the recovery phases of early Eocene hyperthermals: Comparison between the central North Pacific Ocean and southern Indian Ocean

★Invited Papers

Koshiro Sato1, *Kazutaka Yasukawa1,2, Junichiro Ohta1,2, Keishiro Azami1, Kentaro Nakamura1, Koichiro Fujinaga2,1, Minoru Ikehara3, Yasuhiro Kato1,2 (1.School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 2.ORCeNG, Chiba Institute of Technology, 3.Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University)

Keywords:PETM, hyperthermals, climate change, deep-sea sediment, biological productivity, Earth system

The Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) at 56 Ma was the most serious and well-studied hothouse in the Cenozoic era, characterized by a rapid global warming by 5 to 8°C, severe ocean acidification, and a distinct negative carbon isotope (δ13C) excursion both in the marine and terrestrial realms [1]. These features suggest a massive injection of 13C-depleted greenhouse gas(es) to the ocean-atmosphere system. Moreover, during the early Eocene period (ca. 56-52 Ma), multiple PETM-like transient global warming episodes, called hyperthermals, have also been recognized over the past dozen years [2].

A previous study using the ODP legacy cores drilled in the southern Indian Ocean indicated that an enhanced biological pump efficiently sequestered the excess carbon in the recovery phases of the PETM and other modest hyperthermals, regardless of the magnitude of the events [3]. However, it remains uncertain whether this productivity feedback is a globally general response of the Earth system to a rapid warming.

Here we newly analyzed deep-sea sediment samples collected from ODP Site 1215A in the central North Pacific Ocean, in which multiple hyperthermal events including the PETM, Eocene Thermal Maximum (ETM) 2 and ETM3 are recorded [4]. We constructed a multi-elemental dataset of major- and trace-element contents, δ13C, δ18O, and CaCO3 content for bulk sediment. Based on the dataset, we estimated the abundance of Ba associated with the biological productivity. In the presentation, we will compare the results in the central North Pacific Ocean and southern Indian Ocean, and discuss their relationships with the multiple hyperthermal events.

[1] McInerney and Wing (2011) Ann. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci. 39, 489-516.
[2] Zachos et al. (2010) Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 299, 242-249.
[3] Yasukawa et al. (2017) Sci. Rep. 7, 11304.
[4] Leon-Rodriguez and Dickens (2010) Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol. 298, 409-420.