[MIS08-P09] Orbital–scale paleoceanographic changes around the Pacific side of Japan in Early Pleistocene based on calcareous nannofossil records
Keywords:Calcareous nannofossil, Kazusa Group, Kiwada Formation, Paleocenography, East Asian monsoon
At least 13 species and 13 genera of calcareous nannofossils were identified in the examined section. Umbilicosphaera sibogae(Kuroshio water index) increased at the glacial–interglacial boundaries, Florisphaera profunda (stratified, warm offshore water index) and Helicosphaera spp. (freshwater inflow index) increased in the interglacial period. On the other hand, Calcidiscus leptoporus (cool offshore water index) and very small Gephyrocapsa spp. (eutrophic freshwater index) increased during the glacial period. In particular, Coccolithus pelagicus (eutrophic cool water index) abundant at the end of the glacial period. The power spectra of F. profunda, U. sibogae, very small Gephyrocapsa spp., and C. leptoporus show 55–57 kyr periodicity, which also appeared in benthic foraminiferal δ18O. The periodicity of 22–23 kyr was recognized from relative abundances of F. profunda, U. sibogae, and Helicosphaera spp. Those sequential fluctuations of nannofossils indicate that northward/southward of the Kuroshio and Subarctic Front around the Pacific side of Japan. It can be presumed that oceanic front movements linked East Asian monsoon variations because paleoceanographic records in this study corresponded with Chinese loess-paleosol records (Sun et al., 2010).
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