JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS08] Paleoclimatology and paleoceanography

convener:Yusuke Okazaki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University), Benoit Thibodeau(University of Hong Kong), Akitomo Yamamoto(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and TechnologyAtmosphere and Ocean Research Institute), Hitoshi Hasegawa(Faculty of Science and Technology, Kochi University)

[MIS08-P29] Uncertainty of tree-ring based temperature reconstruction: Effects of soil moisture environment and air pollution on reconstruction records

*Shunsuke Tei1, Shinya Takano1, Teppei J Yasunari1 (1.Arctic Research Center, Hokkaido University)

Keywords:Temperature reconstruction, Tree ring, Air pollution

Since global observation records only cover for the last 120 years, the paleoclimate reconstruction using proxy records is indispensable to fully understand past climate change on a multi-decadal/century time scale. Tree rings have long been used to be an excellent proxy for temperature. However, since the latter half of the 20th century, the correlation between the tree ring parameters (width and density) and temperature has been significantly weakened in several areas in the northern high latitudes, which likely reduces credibility of the reported tree-ring based temperature reconstructions. While the temperature records indicate a substantial warming trend in the late 20th century, tree rings in such areas do not display a corresponding change. Although some hypotheses on explaining the inconsistency have been suggested, the best mechanism for fully understand it has not been obtained yet.

The purpose of our study is to identify the environmental factors responsible for the influencing the relationship between tree-ring parameters and temperature in the northern high latitudes by using available datasets for tree ring parameters and environmental variables. We focus on two environmental factors: 1) soil moisture environment; 2) air pollution, both of which might affect plant carbon uptake processes through adjustment of stomatal openness. We clarify the effects of these environmental factors on tree ring parameters. In this presentation, we intend to show the preliminary results on this, especially for the possible impact of the air pollution on the tree ring parameters.