JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS13] Integrated Analysis of Geoscience Observations from the Floor to Surface of the Ocean

convener:Keisuke Ariyoshi(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Joan S Gomberg(USGS Earthquake Science Center), Narumi Takahashi(National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience), Motoyuki Kido(International Research Institute for Disaster Science, Tohoku University)

[MIS13-05] Improvement in estimation of seafloor crustal deformation from ocean bottom pressure observations at the Hikurangi subduction zone offshore New Zealand

*Tomohiro Inoue1, Tomoya Muramoto2, Daisuke Inazu3, Yoshihiro Ito4, Ryota Hino5, Kazuaki Ohta6, Syuichi Suzuki5 (1.Kyoto University, 2.National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 3.Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, 4.Disaster Prevention Research Institute, 5.Tohoku University, 6.National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience)

Over the last decades, ocean bottom pressure gauges (OBPG) have been widely deployed in the world to measure seafloor crustal deformation from tectonic events, such as large earthquakes and slow slip events (SSE). However, any adequate technique, especially to detect SSE from OBPG data, has not been established, because oceanographic effects appeared on the OBPG data have not been fully understood and evaluated yet. One of the largest oceanographic components is an ocean tide. The ocean tide is composed of some periods. Long-period components with fortnightly and monthly periods have to be carefully evaluated and removed to detect SSE, because amplitudes and durations of them are similar to those from SSEs. In previous researches (e.g., Muramoto et al., 2019; Hino et al., 2014), however, the long-period tidal components have not been regarded. Here, we develop a novel approach to remove the long-period tidal components(fortnightly, monthly), and apply to detect SSE on the OBPG data in the Hikurangi subduction margin.
We apply BAYTAP-L (Tamura et al., 1991) to each of the OBPG records, in which make statistical estimation of long-period tidal component; all of tidal components are calculated by solving the penalty least square problems with Akaike’s Bayesian information criterion (Akaike 1980), assuming smoothness of the component other than long tide on OBPG. Before applying the tide analysis, instrumental drift, non-tidal components calculated from a barotropic model (Inazu et al., 2012), and air pressure at the sea surface from atmospheric disturbances, are removed.
By removing tidal components less than monthly periods, the root mean square (RMS) of time series of the pressure decrease by about 10% of RMS from previous method, equivalent to 0.1hPa. We will estimate the uplift of the seafloor with fitting the linear and step function to the obtained time series and compare the results with the previously estimated values (e.g., Muramoto et al., 2019; Wallace et al., 2016). We will also discuss RMS of time series data with comparing multiple layer models, such as HYCOM(Bleck & Boudra, 1981) and ECCO2(Menemenis et al., 2008).