JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM12] Coupling Processes in the Atmosphere-Ionosphere System

convener:Huixin Liu(Earth and Planetary Science Division, Kyushu University SERC, Kyushu University), Yuichi Otsuka(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Yue Deng(University of Texas at Arlington), Loren Chang(Institute of Space Science, National Central University)

[PEM12-P28] Vertical profile of ionospheric disturbances associated with Tohoku Earthquake using GPS occultation observation

*Hiroyuki Nakata1, Yuto Imae2, Toshiaki Takano1, Hiroyo Ohya1 (1.Graduate School of Engineering, Chiba University, 2.Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chiba University)

Keywords:Acoustic Wave, Vertical Propagation, Occultation, Tsunami, Tohoku Earthquake

Many studies have reported that ionospheric disturbances occur after giant earthquakes. One of the causes is the infrasound wave excited by ground motions and/or tsunami. The horizontal propagation of the ionospheric disturbances after large earthquake have been examined in detail by using a network of ground-based GPS receivers. On the other hand, the vertical propagation of coseismic ionospheric disturbances especially is rarely reported. In this study, to examine the vertical propagation of the ionospheric disturbances excited by tsunami, we have examined electron density profiles observed by GPS radio occultation measurements of FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC satellites. We analyzed the ionospheric disturbances caused by Tohoku Earthquake (M9.0) occurred at 5:46:18UT on 11 March 2011. Density profiles observed within 3 hours after the passage of tsunami were analyzed. In extracting disturbed components from observed density profiles using Chapman model, short wavelength fluctuations were recognized over altitude 300∼500 km. Wavelength spectrums of these fluctuations were calculated using wavelet transform. It is confirmed that the spectrum intensity for the wavelength of 10∼64 km were enhanced. Maruyama and Shinagawa (2014) showed that acoustic waves generated by ground motions of seismic wave excite ionospheric disturbances with the wavelength of several tens kilometers. The present results is consistent with these previous studies.