JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM19] Dynamics of the Inner Magnetospheric System

convener:Kunihiro Keika(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo ), Aleksandr Y Ukhorskiy(Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory), Yoshizumi Miyoshi(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Lynn M Kistler(University of New Hampshire Main Campus)

[PEM19-03] Jupiter’s plasma circulation and particle precipitation associated with the inner magnetosphere probed with the Hisaki satellite

★Invited Papers

*Tomoki Kimura1, Fuminori Tsuchiya1, Chihiro Tao2, Kazuo Yoshioka3, Hajime Kita4, Go Murakami4, Atsushi Yamazaki4, Reina Hikida3, Fumiharu Suzuki3, Ryoichi Koga1, George Clark5, Zhonghua Yao6, Yasutaka Hiraki7, Fran Bagenal8, Peter Delamere9, Keiichiro Fukazawa10, Ichiro Yoshikawa3, Masaki Fujimoto4, Hisaki Science team (1.Tohoku University, 2.NICT, 3.University of Tokyo, 4.JAXA/ISAS, 5.Johns Hopkins University / Applied Physics Laboratory, 6.Liege University , 7.Advanced Knowledge Laboratory, Inc., 8.University of Colorado Boulder, 9.University of Alaska Fairbanks, 10.Kyoto University)

Keywords:Jupiter, inner magnetosphere, the Hisaki satellite

The extreme ultraviolet (EUV) space telescope Hisaki is the first small scientific satellite mission of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. The scientific scope of the mission is to investigate the dynamics of space and the atmospheric environments of planets in our solar system. Since its launch on 14 September, 2013 to the present day, Hisaki has observed Jupiter's aurora and Io plasma torus for more than 1200 days, which is an average of 200 observation days per year. The continuous long-term monitoring unveiled the dynamics in the aurora and torus, which are closely associated with the plasma circulation in the inner magnetosphere and particle precipitations into Jupiter’s upper atmosphere.

The plasma circulation from the inner to middle magnetosphere was found to be enhanced during large volcanic eruptions at Io in 2015 (Yoshikawa, 2017; Tsuchiya et al., 2018a; Kimura et al., 2018). Accompanying enhancement of neutral atom escape from Io's atmosphere (Koga et al., 2018a, b, and 19), radially outward mass and energy transports in the torus drastically changed during the Io volcanic eruptions, which are successfully quantified based on the Hisaki EUV spectroscopy (Yoshioka et al., 2018; Hikida et al., 2019). Radial profile of plasma and our analytic model of plasma mass loading process suggested that the outward transport is likely driven by the interchange instability (Tsuchiya et al., 2018a; Kimura et al., 2018). A hot plasma sector embedded in the torus was found in the Hisaki long-term monitoring data, and subcorotation speed of the hot plasma sector is dependent on the volcanic activities (Tsuchiya et al., 2018b). Correlations of the torus brightness structure with the dawn-dusk electric field structure and radiation belts are also discussed based on the GMRT radio arrays and Hisaki observations (Murakami et al., 2016; Kita et al., 2019).

Synergies with the Hubble Space Telescope and Juno spacecraft also provide new insights into the plasma precipitation in the inner and middle magnetosphere. Based on the HST-Hisaki coordinated observation, Kimura et al. (2015, 17) found simultaneous occurrence of the large-scale hot plasma injection in the inner magnetosphere with the middle magnetospheric disturbance based on imaging and monitoring of the short-lived auroral brightenings. They were recurring with a period of 2-3 days during the solar wind quiet period. Juno in-situ plasma measurements by Yao et al. (2019) suggested that the short-lived auroral brightening is triggered by the global reconfiguration of magnetosphere, which is likely associated with the centrifugally-driven magnetotail reconnection. The solar wind response of Jupiter's UV aurora monitored with Hisaki and Juno discovered a mysterious 10-hour time lag of the short-lived auroral brightening with respect to the solar wind shock arrival at Jupiter's polar region (Kita et al., 2019). The hot plasma injection at the central torus in the deep inner magnetosphere follows the short-lived auroral intensification (Suzuki et al., 2018), which implies a global energy and/or mass transport from the middle/outer to the inner magnetosphere (Kimura et al., 2017; Yoshikawa et al., 2017; Tsuchiya et al., 2018a).